Mzumara et al
Greener Journal of Economics and Accountancy Vol. 2 (3), pp. 074-082, September 2013
ISSN: 2354-2357 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 082613805
Intra-Sectoral Competitiveness of Angola
Macleans Mzumara1, Anna Chingarande2* &
1, 2, 3Department of Economics, Bindura University of Science Education, P/Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe.
E-mail: 1macmzumara @ yahoo.com, 3rkarambakuwa @ gmail.com
*Corresponding Author’s Email: apchings2005 @ yahoo.com
The study investigated intra-sectoral competiveness of Angola. Using Balassa (1965) index measure, competitiveness was identified in Angola’s 12 sectors. The most competitive sector was found to be textiles with 121 product lines with revealed comparative advantage (RCA)≥1. It is followed by metals sector with 50 product lines in it. The third competitive sector is chemicals and allied industries with 48 product lines. The least competitive sector is transportation with only two product lines. It is followed by miscellaneous sector with only four product lines. There was no competitiveness recorded in the following sectors: animal and animal products; vegetable products; and foot wear/head gear. Angola’s competitiveness is heavily concentrated in textiles yet it does not generate much in exports revenues which mainly come from oil and diamonds. The recommendation is that Angola should diversify its economy and improve competitiveness in individual sectors.
Keywords: Intra-sectoral competitiveness revealed comparative advantage, Balassa Index, exports.