Amawa et al
Greener Journal of Environmental Management and Public Safety Vol. 4 (1), pp. 009-018, April 2015.
Manuscript Number: 031114142
Implications of Climate Variability on Market Gardening Crop Production in Santa Sub-Division of Cameroon
Amawa Sani Gur1, Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi2*, Tata Emmanuel Sunjo1 and Azieh Edwin Awambeng1
1Department of Geography, University of Buea, P.O. Box, 63, Buea, Cameroon
2Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, Catholic University of Cameroon Bamenda (CATUC), Cameroon, P.O. Box 782, Bamenda, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author’s Email: ukjubypro2@ yahoo. com
If Cameroon maintains its position as the “bread basket” of the Central African Region, one of the areas to be credited is Santa Sub-Division which remains one of the major havens for agricultural production, particularly market gardening. Apart from grappling with the conventional pre- and post- harvest problems which plague the agricultural sector, observed variability in climate has added to the scenario. Using climatic records temperature and rainfall for a 10 year period, including the output of market gardening crops (carrots, leeks, tomatoes ad cabbage), complemented by field observations and the interview of 50 farmers, we established a correlation between climatic variations and variations in market gardening. Specifically, the coefficient of variation (CV) was used to establish climatic variability and trends over a 10 year period, while the Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to show the relationship between climate variability and market gardening crop production. The results showed both direct and inverse relationships between climate variability and market gardening resulting in differential implications for market gardeners. The implication derived from this result is that in the future, market gardeners could logically shift their focus to some specific crops; this could reduce the output of these crops leaving a bearing on demand and price. As a logical way forward, we suggest some adaptation options which can help farmers to “climate –proof” the market gardening sector which remains a source of livelihood for many farmers in Santa Sub-Division.
Keywords: climate variability, market gardening, adaptation, livelihood, Santa Sub-Division.
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