Angaye and Abowei
Greener Journal of Environmental Management and Public Safety Vol. 6 (2), pp. 018-033, June 2017.
Manuscript Number: 062117079
Review on the Environmental Impacts of Municipal Solid Waste in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects
*Tariwari C. N. Angaye and Jasper F. N. Abowei
Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
This review provides insight on the environmental impacts of municipal solid wastes (MSWs) in Nigeria. The anthropogenic impacts of waste streams that infringes on ambient air quality, both ground and surface water, soil as well as biodiversity in dumpsites are discussed. The precarious generation of large waste stream whose leachates and effluent contaminate the environment is largely due to lack of sensitization, poor legislation, population expansion, industrialization and inadequate funding of the sector by Government. Besides the adverse impacts on various forms of biodiversity, Poor management of waste have the ability to limit aesthetic values of vital resources in the ecosystem, thereby increasing the incidence of global warming. An Integrated approach has become necessary for the efficient, safe and effective management of MSW, including more efforts by; individual effort, Local, State and Federal government, and the role of other stakeholders, pressure groups in the private sector are paramount.
Keywords: MSW, Air quality, Water, Soil, Pollution, Leachate.
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