Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health

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Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, Vol. 4 (1), pp. 001-008, January 2016.

 ISSN: 2354-2381 © 2016 Authors

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 121815170



Evolution of Six Maternal Health Indicators in Cote d’Ivoire from 2001 to 2013


Sandrine Vallée-Polneau1, Kadidiatou Raissa Kourouma2, Linda Nanan Vallée3, Félix Boa Yapo4, Danho Simplice Anongba4


1UFR Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université Félix Houphouët Boigny, Address :  01 BP V34 Abidjan 01 Cote d'Ivoire

2Institut National de Santé Publique Abidjan, Address : BPV 47 Abidjan Cote d’Ivoire

3Centre de Formation LV, Address :   08 BP 2053 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire

4UFR Sciences Médicales Université Félix Houphouët Boigny,  Address : 01 BP V34 Abidjan 01 Cote d'Ivoire


Background: Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide especially for developing countries. The assessment of rates and trends in maternal mortality, obtained from reliable information, is important for resources mobilization allocation. The purpose of this study conducted in Côte d’Ivoire was to assess the evolution between 2001 and 2013 of 6 maternal health indicators.


Methods: This a descriptive retrospective study using database of national routine survey from 2001 to 2013. The assessment of rates and trades concerned the following maternal health indicators: contraceptive prevalence rate, the first, third and fourth antenatal consultation rates, the proportion of childbirth assisted by a qualified professional and the rate of postnatal consultation. The descriptive parameters were the median, the interquartile range and the wide.                                                                                                                      


Results: Our assessment highlighted an improvement of these indicators over time even if we could observe important interregional differences. In 2013 only first antenatal consultations and assisted births by skilled health personnel median were not significantly different from World Health Organization’s target.


Conclusion: Monitoring progress in maternal health and survival towards indicators is very important for decision-making. This study highlighted the fact that more efforts still remains to be done on the key components of the health system but also among the mothers towards education and behavior change program.


Key words: maternal health indicators, health system, statistics, health services utilization, Cote d’Ivoire, health policy.

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