Greener Journal of Educational Research

Open Access

Subscribe to 

our monthly News letters

Impact Calculation

Chikutuma and Mapolisa

Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 3 (2), pp. 059-063, April 2013

 ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 012913414


An Investigation into the Rationale, Clarity of Policies and Timeliness of the Inclusion of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Programmes in Gweru Urban and Peri-Urban Primary Schools in Zimbabwe


1Tendai Chikutuma and 2Tichaona Mapolisa


1Belvedere Technical Teachers’ College P.O.Box BE 100 Harare, Zimbabwe.

2Zimbabwe Open University P.O.Box MP1119 Mount Pleasant Harare, Zimbabwe.


Corresponding Author’s Email: tchikutuma @ gmail. com


The paper discusses the experiences of the authors of the research conducted in Gweru urban and peri-urban primary schools. The objective was to investigate the rationale, clarity of policy and timeliness of inclusion of the four to five year olds in the formal schools. The study was conducted in five Gweru urban and peri-urban primary schools. Five school heads, 10 parents and 20 Early Childhood Development (ECD) teachers were purposely sampled. Data were collected using interviews, observations and checklists of the appropriateness of the outdoor and indoor play equipment. Findings showed that there is indeed need to include this age group in the public schools because this makes education accessible to all. The inclusion of four to five year olds in primary schools was not timely because the learners were learning and habituating in unsatisfactory infrastructure and generally the schools were unprepared for them in terms of personnel and play equipment. Since the study justified the need for ECD in the schools, it is however, recommended that a more appropriate environment be sought. It also recommended the need to staff develop ECD teachers and supervisors so that they would become craft literate and craft competent, enough to enable them effectively interpret, implement, monitor and evaluate ECD programmes and policies.
Keywords: Policies, Timeliness, Early Childhood Development (ECD), Early Childhood Development (ECD) programmes.

Return to Content   View Reprint (PDF) (179KB)