Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 3 (2), pp. 085-093, April 2013

 ISSN: 2276-7789 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 022313489


An evaluation of how socialism as a ‘school of thought’ has influenced the development of the educational system in Zimbabwe, Africa


Muswazi Tinny Margaret


Zimbabwe Open University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bag MP 1119, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Email: tmmuswazi @ uk


The paper has identified socialism as the school of thought which the Zimbabwe government, through the Zimbabwe African National Union party chose as its guiding principle to run the country, particularly the education system, after attaining political independence in 1980. Having experienced the ills of colonialism, the choice of socialism from the point of view of the ruling party was justified as the intention was to develop the masses mentally and physically in order to enable them to work for and develop the country as well as provide equal opportunity for education and wealth. There were critical gaps in the planning and implementation of the policy such that it had to be abandoned, only to revert back to colonialism and as a result, the ambition to provide education for all encountered inevitable obstacles.
Keywords: school of thought, socialism, colonialism, primary school, secondary school, Zimbabwe African National Union.

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