Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3 (2), pp. 085-093, April 2013
ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 022313489
An evaluation of how socialism as a ‘school of thought’ has influenced the development of the educational system in Zimbabwe, Africa
Muswazi Tinny Margaret
Zimbabwe Open University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bag MP 1119, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Email: tmmuswazi @ yahoo.co. uk
The paper has identified
socialism as the school of thought which the Zimbabwe
government, through the Zimbabwe African National Union
party chose as its guiding principle to run the country,
particularly the education system, after attaining political
independence in 1980. Having experienced the ills of
colonialism, the choice of socialism from the point of view
of the ruling party was justified as the intention was to
develop the masses mentally and physically in order to
enable them to work for and develop the country as well as
provide equal opportunity for education and wealth. There
were critical gaps in the planning and implementation of the
policy such that it had to be abandoned, only to revert back
to colonialism and as a result, the ambition to provide
education for all encountered inevitable obstacles.
Keywords: school of thought, socialism, colonialism, primary school, secondary school, Zimbabwe African National Union.