Okutoyi et al
Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3 (2), pp. 064-071, April 2013
Manuscript Number: 021313454
Strategies of Promoting Positive Attitude towards Learners with Hearing Impairment by Regular Primary Schools in Kenya (A Case study for Kakamega County)
Okutoyi Joel, Kochung Edwards, Ayieko Yalo, Kabuka Eric, Mbogani W. Janet, P.A. Oracha and Were Michael Charles
Department of Special Needs Education, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno University,
P.O Box 333, Maseno, Kenya.
Corresponding Author’s Email: joelokutoyi @gmail. com or celestineokutoyi @ gmail. com
Information from nine District
Educational Assessment and Resource Centers (2010) in
Kakamega County indicates that the number of learners with
Hearing Impairment (HI) in regular primary schools increased
since the inception of Free Primary Education, (FPE). For
example in 2003 were 51 learners with HI, 2004 (65), 2005
(73), 2006 (90), 2007 (102), 2008 (133), 2009 (161), and 206
learners with HI in 2010. There were 121 learners with HI in
class three and four. The schools faced a number of
challenges among them; communication barrier, negative
attitude towards learners with HI by hearing learners and
teachers. The purpose of this study was to establish
strategies of promoting positive attitude towards learners
with hearing impairement by the regular schools with HI
learners. Objectives of the study were to; find out
strategies employed by schools to promote positive attitudes
towards learners with HI and the extent to which the
strategies are employed. The study adopted descriptive
survey design. The study population consisted of 121
learners with HI, 1440 hearing learners, 36 teachers and 18
head teachers. Simple random sampling was used to select 480
hearing learners while saturated sampling was used to select
109 learners with HI, 32 class teachers and 16 head
teachers. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used
for data collection. A pilot study was conducted on ten
percent of population to determine reliability of
instruments. Face validity of the instruments was
ascertained by experts from both Special Needs Education and
Educational Psychology departments of Maseno University.
Descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages
and mean were used to analyze quantitative data. Qualitative
data was transcribed, put into various categories and
reported in an ongoing process as themes and sub-themes
emerged. Findings showed that most schools used strategies
to promote Positive attitude towards learners with HI; these
included: creation of awareness about HI; HI and hearing
learners shared teaching-learning resources and experiences.
In conclusion, key strategies used included: both hearing
and HI learners shared teaching-learning resources,
sensitization/awareness was created to general school
community. Recommendations of the study are; positive
attitude be promoted towards learners with HI through
creation of awareness and sharing of teaching-learning
resources and experiences.
Keywords: negative attitude, positive attitude, hearing learners, learners with Hearing Impairment (HI).
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