Houshyar and Talebinezhad
Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3 (6), pp. 238-248, August 2013
ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 061713680
Study on Avoidance Behaviour among Persian EFL Learners: Phrasal Verbs in Focus
*Houshyar Sara and 2Talebinezhad Mohammadreza
Department of Education, Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Iran
Email: 2rtalebinezhad @ yahoo.com, Tel: +989133163427
*Corresponding Author’s Email: sarah_houshyar @ yahoo. com
This survey was an attempt to
study the avoidance behaviour of Persian learners of English
in using phrasal verbs and its relationship, if any, with
learners' proficiency level (advanced, intermediate), test
types (multiple-choice, translation) and phrasal verb types
(literal, figurative). Seventy participants, either at
intermediate or advanced level, took one of the two test
types. In addition to that, to identify native speakers'
choices and preferences over each item of the test fifteen
native speakers of English took the multiple-choice test via
internet. The ANOVA results showed the existence of phrasal
verb avoidance among Iranian learners of English at both
advanced and intermediate levels and the results
demonstrated that less proficient Iranian students avoided
using phrasal verbs more frequently than proficient Iranian
learners of English. In addition, the results revealed that
the semantic complexity of phrasal verbs played an important
role in the avoidance behaviour of learners as they avoided
using figurative phrasal verbs more than literal ones.
Finally, the outcome of this research showed that there is
no relationship between avoidance behaviour of participants
and the test types (translation, multiple-choice).
Keywords: Avoidance strategy, phrasal verbs, figurative phrasal verbs and literal phrasal verbs.