Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Houshyar and Talebinezhad

Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 3 (6), pp. 238-248, August 2013

 ISSN: 2276-7789 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 061713680


Study on Avoidance Behaviour among Persian EFL Learners: Phrasal Verbs in Focus


*Houshyar Sara and 2Talebinezhad Mohammadreza


Department of Education, Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Iran


Email: 2rtalebinezhad @, Tel: +989133163427


*Corresponding Author’s Email: sarah_houshyar @ yahoo. com


This survey was an attempt to study the avoidance behaviour of Persian learners of English in using phrasal verbs and its relationship, if any, with learners' proficiency level (advanced, intermediate), test types (multiple-choice, translation) and phrasal verb types (literal, figurative). Seventy participants, either at intermediate or advanced level, took one of the two test types. In addition to that, to identify native speakers' choices and preferences over each item of the test fifteen native speakers of English took the multiple-choice test via internet. The ANOVA results showed the existence of phrasal verb avoidance among Iranian learners of English at both advanced and intermediate levels and the results demonstrated that less proficient Iranian students avoided using phrasal verbs more frequently than proficient Iranian learners of English. In addition, the results revealed that the semantic complexity of phrasal verbs played an important role in the avoidance behaviour of learners as they avoided using figurative phrasal verbs more than literal ones. Finally, the outcome of this research showed that there is no relationship between avoidance behaviour of participants and the test types (translation, multiple-choice).
Keywords: Avoidance strategy, phrasal verbs, figurative phrasal verbs and literal phrasal verbs.

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