Abayomi and Moses
Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 2 (1), pp. 020-027, January 2012
ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: GJSS1216
Physical Activity and Health Risk Behaviours among Colleges of Education Students
1Abayomi, A.O. and 2Moses, M.O.*
1Department of Primary Education Studies, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo (Lanlate Campus), Ibadan, Nigeria.
2Department of Human kinetics and Health Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
1Email: roseyom2002 @ yahoo.com
*Corresponding Author’s Email: moniy152002 @ yahoo.com
Objectives: Decline in life expectancy and indulgence in health risk behaviours have been traced to physical inactivity. Physical inactivity exposes individuals to risk of a wide assortment of chronic illnesses. In order to address preventable illnesses among Nigerian youth through structured exercise programmes, baseline information on their physical activity level is inevitable.
Methodology: The study adopted descriptive survey designed. The population for this study consisted of the participants in Eruwa, 956 (910 students and 46 staff) and Lanlate, 1436 (1403 students and 33 staff) campuses of Emmanuel Alayande Colleges of Education, Oyo. Quota sampling technique was used to pick seven departments from four schools. In all, a total of 2392 respondents completed and returned the questionnaires form administered. The instrument used was the modified Global Physical Activity Questionnaire developed by world Health Organisation. It collects information on physical activity participation in activity at work; travel to and from places, recreational activities and sedentary behaviour. Graphical presentations and percentages were used to discuss the data obtained.
Results: The finding from this study showed that 1680 (70.2%) of the respondents had the awareness that physical inactivity is one of the major causes of short life span in recent years. A high number of as much as 712 (29.8%) were not aware. 328 (13.7%) of the respondents actually participate in recommended at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity which is outrageously low compare to the 2064 (86.3%) that do not. 1208 (50.5%) had time to watch television for less than an hour per day, 568 (23.8%) sat for between 1-2 hours per day to watch television and 616 (25.7%) wasted more than two hours per day staring at the screen watching television. On smoking being good for healthy living, 556 (23.2%) agreed that smoking is good for healthy living whereas 1836 (76.8%) gave divergent response to the statement. 232 (9.7%) supported the idea that alcohol intake should be incorporated into the lifestyle of an individual while 2160 (90.3%) deviated completely form the view.
Conclusion: Physical activity level of colleges of education students is low. Their involvement in health risk behavoiurs is high. Hence, a compulsory physical exercise programme that can occupy them should be inculcated into the daily academic schedules of the students.
Keywords: Sedentary lifestyle, Watching television, Alcohol dependence, Smoking.