Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(1), pp. 001-008, January 2015
Manuscript Number: 072414311
Malawi Primary School Teacher attrition from 1996 to 2011
Ken Kaziputa Ndala
Lecturer in Educational Planning, Chancellor College, Faculty of Education, Department of Education Foundations, University of Malawi, P.O. Box 280, Zomba, Malawi.
Mobile number: (265) 99 5410 632, Land line: (265) 522 046
Email: kndala @cc.ac. mw, ken.ndala @gmail. com
The purpose of this analysis was to examine the causes of primary school teacher attrition between 1996 and 2011 in Malawi. Data collected by the Ministry of Education was used to extract the number of teachers leaving the profession along with the reasons for leaving by reasons and overall annual teacher attrition was calculated. Overall teacher attrition declined from 4.9% in 2004 to 4.0% in 2007. Mortality was the main cause of attrition since 1996, and it increased from 0.5% in 1996 to 1.8% in 2001 but declined to 1.2% by 2004 The finding of the analysis shows that primary Teacher attrition was highest (5.2 %) in 2004 for male teachers compared to females (4.5 %) and declined to 3.2% and 1.9% in 2007, respectively. Considering all the reasons for teacher attrition in percentage terms, about 33% of teacher attrition was caused by death in males and 40% in females from 2004 to 2007. The paper concludes that instead of seeing teachers leaving the system due to retirement and resignation, as has been the case many years, a number of teachers died in service and many also left due to dismissal and other reasons that are not known. This pattern needs to be checked and attended to if Malawi is to attain the Education for All Goals.
Key Words: Teacher Attrition, HIV and AIDS.
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