Nwangwu et al
Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(4), pp. 091-098, July 2014
ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2014 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 021714113
Integration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in the Curriculum of Federal Unity Schools (FUS) in Nigeria: Implications for Learning
*1Emmanuel Chukwunweike Nwangwu, 1Chiaka Augusta Obi, & 2Edna Nwanyiuzor Ogwu
1Department of Vocational Teacher Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka.
2Department of Arts Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu-State Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: emmanuel.nwangwu @unn. edu.ng
The study examined the extent to which Information Communication Technology (ICT) is integrated into various school subjects in the curriculum as well as students’ utilization of and access to ICT, in order to establish a fact on its implications to e-learning. Data were collected from 105 Form 2 Junior Secondary School students from four Federal Unity Schools (FUS) in South Eastern Nigeria. Questionnaire was used for data collection that were analysed descriptively and quantitatively using frequency, percentages, charts, and cross tabulation chi-square to test the null hypotheses. Findings indicate that except for computer studies, ICT was not integrated into other school subjects in the curriculum. Although ICT is seldom used, the level of ICT integration into the curriculum χ2 (8, n=105) =7.704 p> .05 has no significant influence on the level of ICT utilization. Alternatively, students’ access to ICT package, χ2 (12, n=105) =22.207 p< .05 has a significant influence on ICT utilization; majority (66%) never had access to ICT usage. Recommendations were directed towards government assistance in equipping FUS with adequate facilities, teacher preparation towards ICT usage as well as monitoring and assessment of ICT utilization.
Keywords: Access, Information Communication Technology, Junior Secondary School, Integration, Utilization.
Adenuga, RA, Owoyele, JW, & Adenuga, FT (2011). Gender and socio-economic differentials in students’ attitudes to information and communication technology education in Nigerian: Implications for policy, ICT education and counselling. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, 3(9), 162-166.
Aduwa-Ogiegbaen, SE, &Iyamu, EOS (2005).Using information and communication technology in in Nigeria: Problems and prospects.Educational Technology & Society, 8(1), 104-112
Ajayi IA (2008). Towards effective use of information and communication technology for teaching in Nigerian colleges of education. Asian Journal of Information Technology 7(5): 210-214.
Black, P (2007). An international overview of curricular approaches and models in technology education.[Online] Available:http://Scholar.lib.ut.edu/ejournals/JOTS/Winter-spring-1998/black.html (September 3, 2007)
Bhukuvhani, C, Zezekwa, N, &Sunzuma, G (2013). Students’ Preparedness to Integrate Information and Communication Technology Tools and Resources for the Learning of Organic Chemistry. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 7(2), 27-37.
Buabeng-Andoh, C (2012). Factors Influencing Teachers’ Adoption and Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Teaching: A Review of the Literature. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 8(1), 136-155.
Drake, SM & Burns, RC (2012). Meeting standards through integrated curriculum. [Online]Available: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/103011/chapters/What-Is-Integrated-Curriculum%C2%A2.aspx (June 11, 2012)
Ezeani, NS & Ishaq, AM (2013). Emerging Issues in Business Education: A Panacea to Effective Utilization and Application of ICTs as a Toolin Business Education in Nigerian Universities.Review of Public Administration and Management, 1(2), 89-107.
Gahala, J (2007). Critical issue: Promoting technology use in schools. [Online] Available: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technology/te200:htm (May 11, 2007)
Hitch, C (2007). Improving your technology utilization: [Online] Available: http://www.learnnc.org/1p/pages/hitch-technology-0702 (June 12, 2007)
Jimoh, AT (2007). Students’ Attitude towards ICT in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions. Education Focus, 1(1), 73-79.
Kosoko-Oyedeko, GA & Tella, A (2010). Teachers’ Perception of the Contribution of ICT to Pupils Performance in Christian Religious Education. Journal of Social Science, 22(1): 7-14.
Demetriou, U, & Charalambous, C (2006). Generating criteria for evaluating
teachers’ effectiveness research. Journal of Educational Research,48(1), 1-20.
Lauglo, J (2004). Vocationalized education revisited. [Online] Available: http://www.worldbank.org/afr/seia/conf(October 31, 2006)
Mandoga, E, Matswetu, V, &Mhishi, M (2013). Challenges and Opportunities in Harnessing Computer Technology for Teaching and Learning: A Case of Five Schools in Makoni East District. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(1), 105-112.
Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) (2007).Information and communication technology (ICT) policy for basic education. ICT for improved education: United Republic of Tanzania.
Ochuku, IG, Amakaino, UJD, & Chamberlain, KP (2013). Utilization of E-Learning Technologies in Business Education Instructional Delivery in Colleges of Education in Delta State of Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(10), 1-13.
Ogwu, EN, & Ogwu, FJ (2010): Technologies and utilizations in schools : Implications to learning. Journal of Technology Integration in the Classroom, 2(1), 47-55.
Olakulehin, FK (2007). Information and communications technologies in teachers training and professional development in Nigeria.Turkish Journal of Distance Education (TODJE)
Osakwe, NR (2010). The influence of information and communication technology (ICT) on teacher education and professional development in Delta State, Nigeria.Asian Journal of Information Technology, 9(5), 280-285.
Staples, A, Pugach, MC, &Hims, DJ (2005)” Rethinking the technology integration challenge: Cases from three urban elementary ”. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 37(3), 285-311.
Tedla, BA (2012). Understanding the Importance, Impacts and Barriers of ICT on Teaching and Learning in East African Countries. International Journal for e-Learning Security (IJeLS), 2(3/4), 199-207.
Waziri, AM (2006), October 04). ICT centre by December in unity schools in Nigeria. Vanguard, p.15.[Online] Available: http://i4donline.net/news/news-details.asp?catid=3&newsid=5893 (October 04, 2006)