Greener Journal of Educational Research

Excellence and Timeliness


Choose Language

Nwankwo and Madu

Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 4(4), pp. 119-125July 2014

 ISSN: 2276-7789 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 032414160


Effect of Analogy Teaching Approach on Students’ Conceptual Change in Physics


Nwankwo Madeleine Chinyere*1 and Madu B.C.2


 1Department of Science Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.

2Department of Science Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

*Corresponding Author’s Email:


The effects of analogy teaching approach on students’ conceptual understanding of the concept of refraction of light in Physics were examined. A 20-item Physics Concept Test (PCT) developed by the researcher was used to collect the relevant data from a sample 111 physics students using pre-test and post-test. The sample was selected from two single sex secondary schools (one male and one female) in Akure Urban of Ondo State of Nigeria. Mean and standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were employed. The result showed that the use of analogy teaching model has a positive effect on SS 2 Physics students and that female students out-performed their male counterparts irrespective of the teaching method used. The interaction effect of the instructional model and gender was not significant (p < 05). Recommendations include that physics teachers, and all stakeholders in education should endeavor to incorporate analogy instructional model as one of the approaches to be adopted in Nigerian secondary schools since it increases students’ interest and learning in sciences especially in physics.

Keywords: analogy, conceptual change, physics concept test, constructivists learning theory.


Abubakar S, (2012). Role of physics education for technological development for employment and self productivity in Nigeria. Journal of educational and social research 2(10).

Akuezuilo EO, (1987). Science teacher effectiveness and classroom teaching behavior. An Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation. University of Nigeria, Nsukka

American physical association, (2014). Why study physics? Retrieved on 25/7/2014 from http://

Aina JK, (2014). Importance of science education to national development and problems militating against its development. Science and education publishing.  From science research to knowledge 1(7)

Ayogu ZU and Nworgu BG, (1999). Influence of gender and school location on students’ achievement in physics. A paper presented at the 40th annual conference proceedings of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. 217-221.

Ausubel (1968). The psychology of meaningful learning. N.Y. Crune & Strallon.

Babajide VTF, (2010). A generative and predict-observe-explain instructional strategies as  determinants of senior secondary schools students’ achievement and practical skills in physics. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation. University of Ibadan. Ibadan.

Brown S and Salter S, (2010). Analogies in science and science teaching. Advances in psychological education. 34(1). 167-169.

Harding J, (1999). Sex differences in examination performance at 16+. Physics education 14, 280-284.

Harrison AG, (1993). A review of textbook analogies for the refraction of light: Proceedings of 18th annual conference of the Western Australian science education association. Perth Western Australia (20-28).

Harrison AG and Coll RK, (2008). Using analogies in middle and secondary classrooms. United Kingdom. SAGE Ltd.

Harrison, A.G. & Treagust, D.F. (1993).Teaching-with-analogies: A case study in grade 10 optics. Journal of research in science teaching. 30, 1291-1307.

Hyde J and Linn M, (1988). Gender difference in verbal ability: A meta-analysis Psychological bulletein 104(1), 53-69.

Iloputaife EC, (2001). Effects of analogy and conceptual change instructional models on physics achievement in secondary school students. An unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation. Department of science education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Inyang N and Jegede OJ, (1991). Development, validation and standardization of Integrated science achievement test for Junior secondary schools. Journal of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. 27 (1), 21-29.

Ivowi UMO, (1983). Achievement level in understanding physics concepts in secondary schools. JOSLC 1 (20). 23-34.

Kuhn T, (1970). The structure of scientific revolution.  Chicago. University of Chicago press, Lips, H. M. The gender gaps in possible selves. Divergence of academic self-views among high school and university students. Sex roles; 50(5/6).

Longe RS and Adedeji SO, (2003). Increasing girls’ access to technical and vocational education in Nigeria. O. Ayodele-Bamisaiye, I.A. Nwazuoke & O. Okediran (Eds). Education this Millennium-innovations in theory and practice. Ibadan: Macmillan Publishers, Nigeria.

Maharaj-Sharma R, (2012). An examination of types and usefulness of analogies generated by upper primary school students-A case study. Journal of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. 47 (1); 9- 21.

Nkpa, (1997). Gender and performance in SSCE science and mathematics in Okigwe LGA (1990-1994). Journal of creativity in teaching for the acquisition of dissemination of effective learning 1 (2), 345-354.

Nwagbo C and Chikelu UC, (2011). Effects of biology practical activities on students’ process skill acquisition. Journal of science teachers association of Nigeria 46(1).

Nwankwo MC, (2014). Effect of using rebranding approach on students’ commitment to physics: Perception of teachers and students. International journal of general research and development, 11(1); 80-86.

Ocho RA, (1997). Gender valuation of S & T education among secondary school students in Enugu urban.

Oderinde, (1979). Attitude of Nigerian secondary school pupils to physics.  Unpublished B. Ed. Project. University of Ibadan.

Ogile MK and Thomas M, (2007). Analogies and the 5E model. Science teacher, 74(1): 40-45.

Ogunleye BO and Babajide VFT, (2011). Commitment to science and gender as determinants of students’ achievement and practical skills in physics. Journal of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. 46 (1), 125-135.

Ogunneye W and Lasisi I, (2008). Increasing women enrolment in physics education: the way forward. Journal of Science Teachers Association of Nigeria. 43 (1&2), 35-43.

Omosewo EO, (1999). A survey of the physics enrolment patterns in senior secondary schools in Kwara State. ife journal of educational studies 5(1).

Opondu MB, (2013). Factors contributing to low enrolment of students in physics at secondary level in central division, Garrissa district, Kenya. Kenyatta university institutional repository. Retrieved on 25/7/2014 from http:/

Treagust D, (1990). Teacher use of analogies to enhance students conceptual understanding in science. Research project funded by Australian research council. Curtin University of technology. Perth.

West African examination council (WAEC), (2009 & 2010). Chief examiners’ report.

Call for Papers/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles in a timely fashion.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to


Login Form

Other Journals