Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Impact Calculation

Agbo et al

Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 2 (4), pp. 091-094, November 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7789 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 110112199


An assessment of toilet facilities in secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State


Agbo H. Abigail, Envuladu E. Anwazzi, Adah U Gabriel and Zoakah A. Ibrahim


Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos.

P.M.B. 2084 Jos, Nigeria.
Department of Community Health, Jos University Teaching Hospital. P.M.B. 2076 Jos, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author’s Email: dragboha @, Phone: 08034521494.


Background: Toilet facilities among many other facilities ought to be present in schools to promote hygiene and meet the physical and emotional needs of staff and students.
 Objectives: The study assessed school ownership, availability and type of toilet facilities in secondary schools.
Methodology: This was a school based observational study. An interviewer administered semi- structured questionnaire to selected staff and students in fifty-three secondary schools was used for data collection.
Results: Day and boarding schools were 71.7% and 28.3% respectively; 75.5% privately owned. Forty five schools (84.9%) had toilet facilities, while 1/6th of the schools had none. Water carriage toilets (water squatting and water seat) comprised 20 (21.6%) while the non-water carriage accounted for 55 (59%). Twenty-nine (54.7%) provided toilets facilities for the different sexes while 24 (45.3%) did not. A non-statistically significant association (p = 0.034) was found between ownership of school and type of toilet facility provided.
Conclusion: About 76% of schools were non-governmental of which 92.5% had toilet facilities. Half of the schools made separate provision for the different sexes.
 Recommendation: Schools should ensure the sustainability of good sanitary practices through the provision of toilet facilities in schools.
Key words: toilet facilities, students, schools, sanitation.

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