Shu’aibu et al
Greener Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials Vol. 1 (1), pp. 011-015, September 2013.
ISSN: 2354-2284 © 2013 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 090913832
Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Uropathogenic Escherichia coliamong Adult Diabetic Patients Attending Federal Medical Centre Gombe, Gombe State Nigeria
Shu’aibu Isa*1, Mohammed Bello M.2, Fatima Umar M.3,
Abubakar Aisami3, Hadiza Auta3 and
Muhammad Maikudi U.4
1Department of Microbiology, Gombe State University, P.M.B. 127, Gombe, Gombe state, Nigeria.
2Department of Biological sciences, Gombe state University, Gombe.
3Department of Biochemistry, Gombe State University, Gombe.
4Department of Biotechnology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola.
*Correspondence Author’s Email: shuaibuisa 2002 @ gmail.com,
Two hundred urine samples were collected from patients attending diabetic clinic at the Federal Medical Centre Gombe (FMCG). The samples were cultured on nutrient agar and the isolates obtained were Gram-stained, subjected to biochemical tests to confirm their identities. All the 200 samples were found to contain Gram negative organisms. Of the 200 gram negative isolates obtained, 111(55.5%) were found to be positive for E. coli while the remaining, 89(44.5%) were found to be negative for E. coli but positive for other enteric gram negative rods(Enterobacteriaceae). Female diabetic patients recorded higher incidence of 85(77%) than their male counterparts of 26(23%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out against the isolated E. coli using Kirby-Bauer (1966) method and shows the activity of only members of Aminoglycosides, streptomycin and Gentamycin as moderately sensitive and highly sensitive respectively. Other antibiotics proved inactive, to which the E. coli became resistant, and these include Septrin, chloramphenicol, quinolones (Sparfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Peploxacin and Tarivid) and augmentin (Maxi high profile Gram negative antibiotics).
Keywords: Uropathogenic, Escherichia coli, antimicrobial, susceptibility, antibiotics, diabetic.