Bashir et al
Greener Journal of Business and Management Studies Vol. 3 (5), pp. 194-200, July 2013
ISSN: 2276-7827 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 020313430
Women in Commercialized Subsistence Economies: Profit and Factors Influencing Participation in Small- scale Cereal Processing and Marketing in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria
Bashir Alhaji Baba1, Dominic A. Anogie2 and
Yakaka Bukar Maina3*
1,2Lake Chad Research institute, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
3Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: bashir5880 @ gmail. com, Tel: 08025485009, 07032614009
This study examined women in commercialized subsistence economies: profit and factors influencing participation in small-scale cereal processing and marketing in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria. Specific objective include; examine socioeconomic characteristics of the women participating in processing and marketing of cereal; determine the factors influencing women participating in processing and marketing of cereal; examine the profitability of processing and marketing of cereal; identify women sources of initial investment in the business and identify constraints to processing and marketing of cereal in the study area. Cluster sampling technique was adopted, six (6) areas selected, and ten (10) women (processors and marketers) were randomly selected, marking sixty (60) women for the study. Findings of the study indicated that most of the women belong to the age bracket of 31 and above years (51.67%), while 48.33% were between the ages of 18~30yrs, The data on capital indicated 90% had an average initial investment 5,000 Naira and only 1.67% of the women participants invested an average of 65,000 Naira in the business. Revelation on profitability showed that N 2, 287.72 k as gross margin in the processing of cereal in the study area per 100kg bag and that the highest cost incurred in the business was in the processing of the grains constituting 63.51% and the second highest cost incurred was cost of transportation (19.57%). The regression estimates suggest number of measures (mudus) sold/day; household size and start up capital significant at 1%. However, the negativity of the coefficients of age, marital status, household size, and education indicates that a 1% change in these variables will attract a reduction in the participation of women in the processing and marketing of cereal in the study area. The findings on problems indicated lack of credit facilities (36.67%) as the most identified problem hindering their participation in processing and marketing cereal. Only 28.33% cited price fluctuation. The study recommends formation of group cooperative to enhance acquisition of loans for the business.
Keywords: Women, Commercialized. Subsistence, Cereal, Processing, Maiduguri.