Greener Journal of Business and Management Studies Vol. 5 (1), pp. 016-030, March 2015
Manuscript Number: 081414329
The Evaluation of Indonesia Import Policies of Garlic
Putra Aditama Hariwibowo*1, Ratya Anindita2, Suhartini3
1Master Student, Department of Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya.
2 Professor, Department of Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya.
3Lecturer, Department of Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: hputraaditama @yahoo. com, Phone: (+62) 85748860253
This study aims to analyze the factors that affect the supply, demand and price of garlic in Indonesia. In addition, also to seek alternative policies related to the import and production of garlic in Indonesia. Nerlove partial adjustment of supply and partial adjustment demand model are used in the estimation of supply and demand. The results showed that all the equations in the model are significant and qualified to statistical tests. In the short term, the entire exogenous variables are inelastic on its endogenous variables. But in the long term only garlic harvested area at one and two previous years, garlic productivity at one previous year, demand at one previous year and the import tariff that are elastic on its endogenous variables. Recommended alternative policies are the expansion of garlic farming land and continue to subsidize urea in addition provide protection against domestic garlic farmers through renegotiate the garlic import tariffs for long-term and maintain the stability of exchange rate in short term in order to create the conducive conditions of garlic market.
Keywords: Garlic, supply, demand, price, import policies.
Adnyana MO, (2013). Penerapan Model Penyesuaian Parsial Nerlove Dalam Proyeksi Produksi dan Konsumsi Beras. Food Crops Research and Development Center: Bogor.
FAO Statistics, (2013). Garlic Productivity in Indonesia,http://www.fao.org. Accessed on April 5th2014.
FAO Statistics, (2013). Garlic Harvested Area in Indonesia, http://www.fao.org. Accessed on April 5th 2014.
FAO Statistics, (2013). Import of Garlic in Indonesia, http://www.fao.org. Accessed on April 5th 2014.
Gujarati DN, (2004). Basic Econometrics . Third Edition. Mc Graw-Hill, Inc., New York.
Kaempfer WH et al, (1995). International Trade Theory and Evidence. Mc Graw Hill Inc: New York.
Koutsiyannis A, (1977). Theory of Econometrics . Second Edition. The Macmillan Press Ltd., London.
Intriligator MD (1978). Econometric Models : Techniques, and Applications. Prentice-Hall Inc: New Jersey.
Irawan B, (2003). Agribisnis Hortikultura: Peluang dan Tantangan Dalam Era Perdagangan Bebas. Agricultural Socioeconomics Research and Development Center: Bogor.
Manumono D, dkk. (2009). Trade Off Sistem Usahatani Tembakau di Wilayah Sumbing Temanggung Jawa Tengah. J-SEP Vol. 3 No. 3 Nopember 2009.
Mukhlis I, (2011). Analisis Volatilitas Nilai Tukar Mata Uang Rupiah Terhadap Dollar. Journal of Indonesian Applied Economics Vol. 5 No. 2.
Nerlove ML (1956). Estimates of the Elasticities of Supply of Selected Agricultural Commodities. Journal of Farm Economics Vol 38 No. 2.
Nerlove ML, (1958). The Dynamics of Supply: Estimation of Farmers Response Top Prices. The John Hopkins Press: Baltimore.
Pyndick RS, Rubinfeld DL, (1991). Econometric Models and Economic Forecasting . Third Edition. Mc Grew-Hill International: Singapore.
Pramono JS, Prastuti TR, (2011). Usaha Perbenihan Bawang Putih di Lahan Kering Dataran Tinggi Kabupaten Tegalin Risalah Hasil Pengkajian Inovasi Hortikultura di Jawa Tengah p.52-61. Agriculture Technology Studies Agency: Central Java.
Prastuti TR Samijan and Pramono J, (2011). Intensifikasi Budidaya Bawang Putihin Risalah Hasil Pengkajian Inovasi Hortikultura di Jawa Tengahp.62-81. Bureau of Agriculture Technology Study: Central Java.
Tambunan, T, (2008). Ketahanan Pangan di Indonesia, Mengidentifikasi Beberapa Penyebab. Pusat Studi Industri dan UKM Universitas Trisakti: Jakarta.
Call for Papers/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily immediately they are they ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com.