Habiba et al
Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 2 (4), pp. 077-083, August 2012
ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2011 Greener Journals
Knowledge, attitude and behavior of health care workers regarding hepatitis B infection in primary health care, Kuwait.
1Soad A. Habiba, 2Ghadeer A. Alrashidi, 3Afaf E.M. Al-otaibi, 4Ghizayel R. Almutairi, 5Gamal Makboul and *6Medhat K. El-Shazly
1MRCGP, Mishref Family Medicine Cencer, PHC, MOH, Kuwait. email@example.com
2MRCGP, South Khitan Polyclinic, PHC, MOH, Kuwait. firstname.lastname@example.org
3MRCGP, Minahi Al-Asaimi Clinic, PHC, MOH, Kuwait. email@example.com
4MRCGP, South Farosse Center, PHC, MOH, Kuwait. firstname.lastname@example.org
5MD, Department of Community medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt & Department of Health Information and Medical records, Ministry of Health, Kuwait. email@example.com
6MD, Department of Medical Statistics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt. & Department of Health Information and Medical records, Ministry of Health, Kuwait. firstname.lastname@example.org
*Corresponding Author’s Email: email@example.com
Background: Health care workers are a high-risk group for acquiring hepatitis B virus infection and for transmission to their patients and close contacts
Objective: The aim of the present study is to study health care workers’ knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards hepatitis B virus transmission and protection in Kuwait.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey that was conducted in all primary health center located in two randomly selected heath regions in Kuwait. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all currently working health care workers in the selected centers.
Results: Within 534 participants, 76.2% were aware that Hepatitis B can be acquired from patient to health workers, 57.7% knew that Hepatitis B can be transmitted from health workers to patients, 81.5% were aware about vaccination, 65.0% knew the complete vaccination schedule, 44.4% knew the intervals between doses. Also, 74.7% have ever been vaccinated. Among them, 84.0% received the complete doses. Lastly, 73.8% declared that they need more information regarding hepatitis B.
Conclusions: Health care workers in primary health care showed high to partial levels of knowledge and attitudes, regarding hepatitis B virus infection and vaccination with important gaps which need to be strengthened especially among non-vaccinated group
Key words: Health care workers, hepatitis B, knowledge, attitude, behavior.