Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

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Yagh et al

Greener Journal of  Medical Sciences Vol. 2 (4), pp. 084-091August 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:GJMS1222

 

Knowledge, attitude and behavior of primary health care workers about hepatitis C, Kuwait.

 

Suhair A. Yaghi1, Ebtihal S. Al-Habib2, Alia A. Sadik3, Ghizayel R. Almutairi4, Gamal Makboul5 and Medhat K. El-Shazly6*

 

1MRCGP, West Salmiya Center, PHC, MOH, Kuwait

2MRCGP, Khalid Saleh Al-Ghunaim Medical Center, PHC, MOH, Kuwait

3MRCGP, Khalid Saleh Al-Ghunaim Medical Center, PHC, MOH, Kuwait

4MRCGP, South Fardosse Center, PHC, MOH, Kuwait

5MD, Department of Community medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt

Department of Health Information and Medical records, Ministry of Health, Kuwait.

6MD, Department of Medical Statistics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.

&Department of Health Information and Medical records, Ministry of Health, Kuwait.

Authors Emails: juju.heart@hotmail.com1Dr.ealhabib@gmail.com2drhaham@hotmail.com3,dr.ghizayel@live.com4gamalmakboul@hotmail.com5,

 

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: medshaz@yahoo.com


Abstract:

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can lead to much morbidity and mortality, and health care workers (HCWs) are at high-risk for acquiring infection and transmission to their patients and close contacts.
Objective: The aim of this study is to reveal HCWs’ knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards HCV transmission and protection.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey that was conducted in all primary health centers located in two randomly selected health regions in Kuwait. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all currently working health care workers in the selected centers.
Results: The overall percentage knowledge score was 44%. The study revealed that about three-quarters of the respondents (72.7%) were aware that HCV infection can be acquired from patient to HCW compared to 54.5% knew that infection can be transmitted from HCW to patients. Correct knowledge about blood and blood products as well as needles and sharps as modes of transmission were above 90%. However, 30.0% and 25.7% respectively claimed that avoiding drinking contaminated water and food not well cooked were ways of preventing HCV .
Participants’ knowledge was reflected on their attitude as 35.2% , 22.1% , 19.3%, 11.4% respectively believed that wearing of goggles, avoidance of diagnosed patients, use of multivitamin/blood tonic, and use of antibiotics after contact are measures taken to protect them against HCV infection. Although more than 90% of participants were aware that blood and needles and sharps are routes of infection and that avoiding these sharps is a protecting measure, only 80% of them believed in wearing gloves and proper disposal of sharps. Female physicians older than 30 years were better informed about HCV.
Conclusions: Knowledge, attitudes and practices about hepatitis C among primary HCWs were fair, with important gaps which need to be strengthened especially among those with unsound knowledge. 

Key words: hepatitis C, knowledge, attitude, primary health care workers.

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