Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 2 (5), pp. 115-119, November 2012
ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 101112108
Adverse Effects of Inadequate Water Supply on Human Health: a case study of Kajola Local Government in Oyo State, Nigeria
Department of Biochemistry Lead City University, Ibadan;
Email: segunotaru @ yahoo.com, phone: +2348034968640
Effects of lack of good water supply on the health of the inhabitants of Kajola Local Government Area of Oyo State in Nigeria were investigated. Various forms of water-borne diseases such as typhoid fever, diarrhea, paratyphoid fever, bacillary dysentery were recorded during the three-week period of study in the community. Typhoid fever cases recorded was 72 (26.6%) in Area A while there were 55 (22.9%) of the same disease in Area B. Diarrhea represented 65 (24%) occurrence in Area A, while it was 66 (27.5%) in the Area B. Bacillary Dysentery was very common 84 (31%) among the children in area A while it was 29 (25.9%) in area B. Para-typhoid fever recorded 45 (16.6%) of disease endemic in area A and 65 (27.1%) in area B. The main sources of portable water supply in the community are hand-dug wells and hand-pump boreholes, the number of which is not enough to service the whole community residents’ water needs. Hence, the portable water shortage has made the less privileged residents to resort to the use of other water sources, like streams, pools and rivers, which has inflicted a negative implication on their health as water-borne diseases were observed to be rampant in the community.
Keywords: health management, rural settlements, solid waste, water supply.