Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

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Atiba et al

Greener Journal of  Medical Sciences Vol. 2 (6), pp. 163-167, December 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7797  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 110612232


Oxidative Stress and Serum Selenium in HIV Patients on Different Antiretroviral Regimen


1*Adeniran Samuel Atiba, 2Dolapo Pius Oparinde,3Ahmed Kayode Jimoh, 4Oluwole Adeyemi Babatunde,5Ademola Adelekan, 6Temitope Adeola ‘Niran-Atiba


1,2,5Department of Chemical Pathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria

3Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

4Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

6Department of Biomedical Science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria


Corresponding Author’s E-mail:


Background: Two major Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy naming as HAART-1(zidovudine, lamivudine and nevirapine) and HAART-2 (zidovudine, lamivudine and efavirenz) are considered for HIV positive patients. HIV as well as antiretroviral drugs can cause free radical formation with or without compensatory increase in serum selenium. This study was aimed at knowing serum levels of malonaldehyde (evidence of free radical production) and selenium.
Method: A total of 240 persons were surveyed, comprising subjects and controls. The respondents were in four groups each comprising 60 persons. The four groups are: HIV positive patients not yet on HAART termed Prehaart patients, HIV positive patients on HAART-1, HIV positive patients on HAART-2 and HIV negative patients (control). Serum levels of malonaldehyde (MDA) and selenium were assayed in each of study groups. 
Result: CD4/mm3 was significantly lower in subject groups when compared with control (p<0.05). MDA (µmol/l) was found to be higher in all subject groups but significant elevation was only found in HAART-2 group (p<0.05). Serum Se (µg/dl) levels were found to be significantly lower in all the groups when compared with control (p<0.05). 
Conclusion: Production of free radicals was worse in patients on HAART-2. Decreased serum selenium levels in all groups may suggest reason for oxidative stress found in HIV positive patients on antiretroviral therapy.
Abbreviation: HAART-1(zidovudine, lamivudine and nevirapine), HAART-2(zidovudine, lamivudine and efavirenz), MDA (Malonaldehyde),Se (Selenium)

Key words: Selenium, Malonaldehyde (MDA), Free radical, Oxidative stress, Antioxidant.

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