Ahmadu et al
Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 3 (2), pp. 053-056, February 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 103112184
Birth weight outcome of babies whose mothers are infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and on antiretroviral therapy at University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
1*Baba Usman Ahmadu, 2 Umaru Inuwa, 3 Umar Ibrahim Halima, 4 Mshelbwala Bukar Simon, 3 Sandabe Mustapha Kyari and
3 Jungudu Usman.
1Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa, Nigeria.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno, Nigeria.
3Department of Paediatrics, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno, Nigeria.
4Department of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: ahmadu4u2003 @ yahoo.com, Phone: +2348033668948
Background: Low birth weight is an important risk factor for infant morbidity and mortality, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence is still high. This review focuses on the birth weight outcome of babies whose mothers are infected with HIV and on ART at University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Nigeria.
Methods: A total of 90 mother-baby pairs were studied. Babies birth weights were measured using the bassinet weighing scale and data of HIV mothers that are on ART as part of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) at UMTH were obtained from their ANC hospital record.
Results: There were 47 (52.2%) males and 43 (47.8%) females. Most babies 73 (81.1%) had acceptable birth weights. Of the 17 (100 %) babies with LBW, 10 (58.8%) were HIV exposed babies. Association between HIV exposed and non HIV exposed (controls) with birth weight outcome of these babies were not significant (p = 0.419).
Conclusion: Majority of babies with LBW were HIV exposed whose mothers are on ART for PMTCT. Effective ART for PMTCT in pregnant mothers during ANC may have made the LBW in our babies of no significance. We therefore recommend ART to HIV pregnant women.
Keywords: Maternal antiretroviral therapy, Birth weights, Babies, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.