Kayunze et al
Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 3 (6), pp. 233-239, August 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 071513726
Utilisation of One Health Approaches in the Surveillance and Mitigation of Risks of Animal Derived Infections in Tanzania: Attitudinal Profiles of Human and Animal Health Experts
Kim A. Kayunze1*, Angwara D. Kiwara2, Eligius Lyamuya3, Dominic M. Kambarage4, Jonathan Rushton5, Richard Coker6 and Richard Kock7
Senior Lecturer in Rural Development at Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3024, Morogoro, Tanzania, and Postdoctoral Research Fellow in One Health Policy with Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS),
2Professor of Development Studies, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Institute of Development Studies, P. O. Box 65454, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
3Professor of Microbiology and Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academics, Research and Consultancy), Muhimbili University College of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), P.O. Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
4Professor of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3000, Morogoro, Tanzania.
5Associate Professor of Animal Health Economics, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Herts, AL9 7TA, London, UK.
6Professor of Public Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
7Professor of Wildlife Health and Emerging Diseases, CEEED, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Herts AL9 7TA, London, UK.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: kimkayunze @ yahoo.com, Mobile phone: +255 754 496960,
Fax: +255 23 2604646
Effective detection, identification, monitoring and control of zoonoses and other animal-derived infections call for embracement of multi- and trans-disciplinary partnership as a means towards optimising the health of humans, animals and their ecosystems. This study was thus aimed at evaluating attitudinal profiles of human, animal and wildlife health experts in Ngorongoro (Manyara Region) and Kibaha (Coastal Region) Districts to this partnered arrangement in dealing with infectious diseases of humans and animals. This was carried out using a structured questionnaire which comprised a 100-point Likert scale on which <60, 60 and 60< points represented unfavourable, neutral and favourable attitudes respectively. The questionnaire was administered to 91 medical, veterinary and wildlife experts in July and August 2012. It was found that, overall, the respondents had positive attitude (64.8%) towards inter-sectoral collaboration. The proportions of the respondents with unfavourable, neutral and favourable attitudes were 22.0%, 8.8% and 69.2%, respectively. The scores by the three categories of experts showed no significant difference (F = 1.428, p = 0.248). This indicates that human and animal health experts value the use of one health approaches in dealing with zoonoses and other animal-derived infections.
Keywords: Infectious diseases, one health approaches, attitude, Likert scale.