Yaguo et al
Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 5 (3), pp. 048-052, June 2015.
Manuscript Number: 030815042
Dipstick Urinalysis in apparently healthy Neonates in Port Harcourt
*1Yaguo Ide Lucy Eberechukwu, 1Opara Peace Ibo, 1Uchenwa-Onyenegecha Tochi Ada
1Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, West Africa P.M.B 6173.
Corresponding Author’s E-mail: lucyaguolucy@ gmail. com. Phone: +2348109864336
Background: Dipstick urinalysis, which is a simple but very important diagnostic procedure in paediatric nephro-urology, provides information about multiple physicochemical properties of urine. It detects common urinary abnormalities in children which could result from a wide range of conditions. Proteinuria, haematuria and glycosuria for example may be pointers to serious underlying pathologies in the newborn. This study was undertaken to determine baseline findings on dipstick urinalysis in healthy neonate in Port Harcourt as there is paucity of such a study in our environment.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in the post natal wards of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Dipstick urinalysis was carried out on clean catch urine samples from 180 healthy full-term and near term breast-fed neonates, without maternal morbidities or personal pathological antecedents within the first 48 hours of life.
Results: Gestational ages ranged from 35-42 weeks mean of 38.54±1.38, mean birth weight of 3.26 ± 0.55kg and a male: female ratio of 1: 1.1. Haematuria glycosuria and ketonuria were not identified in any baby. All urine samples were also negative for nitrites and leucocytes. Proteinuria was present in 3 (1.7%) of the babies.
Conclusion: Haematuria , glycosuria and ketonuria are not common in apparently healthy neonates in Port Harcourt. Presence of nitrites and leucocytes are unusual. Proteinuria, haematuria and glycosuria in the neonates should be further investigated for underlying pathologies.
Key words: Dipstick urinalysis, healthy, neonates.
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