Alkhatlan et al
Greener Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 6 (1), pp. 018-024, March 2016.
ISSN: 2276-7797 © 2015 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 021716040
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Primary Health Care Providers Regarding E-health: A Validation Study
Alkhatlan H1, Almutairi B2, El-Shazly M3*
1,2Ph.D,Department of Medical Records, College of Health Sciences, The public Authority of Applied Training and Education, Kuwait.
3MD, Department of Medical Statistics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt. &
Department of Planning, Ministry of Health, Kuwait.
Background:E-health refers to internet-based health care and information delivery and seeks to improvehealth service locally, regionally and worldwide. Health care providers must be equipped with the necessary knowledge, training and experience. We developed a questionnaire to obtain information from the physicians and nurses on various aspects of e-health.
Objectives:The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of this questionnaire to evaluate knowledge,attitude and practice of physicians and nurses towards e-health.
Methods: This study was carried out in Al-Sabah general hospital on 22 physicians and 20 nurses who were asked to complete a self-administered close-ended questionnaire that included 3 main aspects relevant to e-health, namely Knowledge, attitude, and practice. Each domain consisted of a number of questions (items). Test-retest reliability was tested by Spearman’s correlation coefficients. To evaluate for internal consistency, parity co-variances were used to estimate Cronbach’ alpha.Discrimination between participant groups (physicians and nurses) was tested by Mann-Whitney test. Spearman’s correlation was utilized to test the correlations between different domains to evaluate the convergent validity.
Results: Test re-test reliability of the questionnaire revealed that all scales were reliable, with significant strong correlation for overall knowledge score (r = 0.89), and overall attitude score (r = 0.80) and intermediate significant correlation for practice score (r = 0.46). Testing the internal consistency revealed that coefficients of Cronbach’sa were ≥ 0.80 for all domains except for items of participants’ attitude towards themselves (0.77) and practice (0.74).Overall, the scales of the questionnaire could discriminate between physicians and nurses with higher scores among physicians than nurses. Within each studied aspect, the scores of different domains in the questionnaire were positively correlated with each other significantly.
Conclusion: The questionnaire was reliable and valid for assessing knowledge, attitude and practice of e-health among health care providers.
Keywords: Questionnaire, validation, e-health
Short title: Validation of ane-health questionnaire.
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