Greener Journal of Psychology and Counselling Vol. 1 (1), pp. 001-007, August 2014
Manuscript Number: 1218131041
Reviewing the Skeletons of the Politics of Science; A Continuing Debate on Homosexuality as a Depathologised Diagnosis
Lecturer, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Great Zimbabwe University, P. BAG 1235, Masvingo, Zimbabwe.
Email: chipersoni @gmail .com, Phone: 00263773551956
This paper is an attempt to re- explore and objectively revisit APA’s decision to remove homosexuality from the diagnostic statistical manual of mental disorders and the ramifications of the decision over the years.. It asserts that many life events are being manipulated by belief systems. The influence of cultures is overarching, affecting people in more ways than they realize, especially in the patterns of their everyday lives. When there are too many of these unthinking habits affecting actions, there is an ensuing discrepancy between thought and action. The argument is that the relationship between science and politics cause many communications about the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of mental disorders (DSM) to be mired in controversy. The DSM took science for granted and allowed the whims of politics to rule thereby creating an unending controversy where homosexuality serves as an affirmation of that which was and is being denied the chance of scientific scrutiny. This has been evidenced in the issue of the removal of homosexuality as a pathology, which has continued to create points of discussion in different settings and forums. It is argued that when one enters the realm of politics, objectivity loses its aura and science become far removed and contested. The historical struggle to remove homosexuality from the DSM informs its current sustenance as a contested diagnosis.
Keywords: Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Homosexuality, Paraphilias, Politics of science.
APA (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, Washington DC: APA 2000.
APA (2009). American Psychiatry Association: Arlington www.psych.org/mainmenu/psychiatric practice/practise guidelines-1.aspX Accessed 17 May 091529 hrs.
American Medical Association Statistics (2002), Homosexuality and Psychiatry. American Medical Association Statistics. www.jesus is our saviour.com/evil%/America sodomy/homosexual. Accessed 1821hrs 12 May 09
Ault, A & Brzuzy, S (2009). Removing Gender Identity Disorder From the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; A Call for Action. Social Work ,2009 Vol 54(2) 187-189.
Bayer, R (1981) Homosexuality and American Psychiatry; The politics of Diagnosis. New York, Basic Books.
Berude, L (1990). Facts about Homosexuality and Mental Health Http//Psychology, Ucdavis.Edu/Rainbow/Html/Fcs-Mental Health. Accessed 11 May 1820hrs.
Brookmeyer, R (1991). Reconstruction and future trends of the AIDS epidemic in the United States. Science. July 1991.Vol 253 Number 5025 pp 37-42
Dreshler J (2012). The removal of Homosexuality from the DSM: Its Impact on Today’s Marriage Equality Debate. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health. Vol 16, Issue 2, 2012, Special Issue; Same Sex Marriage and Mental Health.
Ervin, AM (2005) Male Gender Role Conflict and Internalised and Internalised Homonegativity: The Impact of Gay Men’s Psychological Well Being. Dissertation Abstracts International. Section B: The Sciences and Engineering Vol 65(2b) Pp3707
Friends and Family of Ex Gays (2009) Narth http//narth.com accessed12 may 09 1318hrs
Giles, FE (2000). Is Paedophilia A Mental Disorder, A Discussion? Archives of Sexual Behaviour. Dec 2000 Accessed 13 May 2012hrs.
Janowisky, B (1898). The Sexual Instinct and Its Morbid Manifestations, From the Double Standpoint of Jurisprudence And Psychiatry. Digitalised Version (2007) Internet Archives: University Of Toronto
Langer , S and Martin, J (2004) Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal Vol 21 Number 1 February 2004 Pp 5-23 www. Nrth.com/dos/annals.html. Accessed 08 May 09 1707 hrs.
Laws , R. D and Donohue, W. T (eds) (1997). Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment And Treatment, Guilford Press: Massachusetts.
Majied K (2003) The Impact of Racism And Homophobia And Depression. Dissertation abstracts International; Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 64(5a) 2003pp1849
Mendelson, G (2003) Homosexuality and Psychiatric Nosology. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2003 pp 678-683.
Moser, C and Kleinplatz, PJ (2006) DSMIV And The Paraphilia, An Argument For Removal. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 17(3/4) 91-109
Schacht, TE (1985) DSM111 and the Politics of Truth. American Psychologist. Vol 40 (5) May 1985, 513-521.
Schindleim RK (2004) Sex with Men Before Coming Out; Relation to Sexual Activity And Risk Taking Behaviours. Annals of Sexual Behaviour, December 2004.
Silverstein, C (1977) Even Psychiatry can Benefit from its Past Mistakes. Journal of homosexuality(2)(2);153-158
Silverstein, C (2009) The Implications of Removing Homosexuality from the DSM as a Mental Disorder. Archives of sexual Behaviour, Vol 38; 161-163.
Smith RB (1997) The Impact Of Gay Identity Development On Aids Risk Behaviour Among Gay Men. Dissertation Abstract S International: Section B. The Sciences and Engineering Vol 58(1B) July 1997 pp 0442.
Socarides, CW (1978) Sexual Deviations And The Diagnostic Manual. American Journal Of Psychology Vol XXXXI Number 3 July 1978
Socarides, CW (1973) Homosexuality In The Male: A Report Of A Psychiatric Study Group. International Journal of Psychiatry Vol 11 451, 1973 www.mnarth.com/docs/annals.html accessed 18may 09 1525hrs.
Spitzer M (1974) Homosexuality Decisions: A Background Paper. Psychiatric News Jan 16 1974 p11-12
Stainton Rogers, W and Stainton Rogers, R (2000) The Psychology Of Gender And Sexuality An Introduction. Open University Press, Philadelphia.
TVC (2006). A Special Report, EU To Criminalise Homophobia. Traditional Values Coalition Http//Www.Duhmag.Com/Files/TVC/Crimoinalise Homophobia. Pdf. Accessed 18may 09 - 14149hrs.
Call for Papers/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.