Greener Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs
Vol. 1 (1), pp. 001-006, April 2014.
© 2013 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 021714109
Why Development-Induced Displacement is morally Objectionable: An Ethical Appraisal of the Macdom-ARDA Chisumbanje Ethanol Project in Chipinge, Southeastern Zimbabwe
Elias G. Konyana
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Great Zimbabwe University.
Email: konyanaeg @ gmail. com, Cell: +263 774 845 185
Elitist socio-economic policies have remained largely responsible for community displacements in many African countries. Previously, colonial governments established land-intensive projects which became major disruptive phenomena for the affected communities in Africa. Experience has shown that displacement unsettles communities, upsets cultural or traditional practices, justice systems and communal livelihoods. In some instances, communal displacement represents low regard for human rights by state and non-state actors. Ironically, planners of displacements often adopt and deploy the rhetoric of development and modernism. In Zimbabwe, the persistent conclusion in displacement narratives is that land dispossessions pushed Africans into supporting the nationalist movements of the 1960s and the liberation struggle of the 1970s. However, post-independence state-sponsored projects have continued to haunt communities. This paper tackles the moral issues associated with development-induced displacements and resettlement. It provides the communal narratives emanating from the grand state-sponsored Macdom-ARDA Chisumbanje ethanol project, arguing that the project’s establishment is morally objectionable.
Keywords/phrases: Development; Ethics; Development projects; Development-Induced Displacement.