Haki and Gezmu
Greener Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 2 (4), pp. 138-140, October, 2012.
ISSN: 2276-7851 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 102112125
Physico-chemical properties of waters from some Ethiopian hot springs and the risk to the health of the community
G D Haki1* and T B Gezmu2
1*Department of Food Science and Technology University of Botswana, Botswana College of Agriculture,
Private Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana
2 Center for Food Science and Nutrition, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,
tbekele57 @yahoo. com
*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: gulelatw@ yahoo. com or hgulelat @ bca.bw
Many Ethiopians believe that water from hot springs can
relieve from a number of diseases and is considered to be
the cleanest of all. The physico-chemical properties of
water from seven Ethiopian hyperthermal springs which were
at 44.8-93.4oC and with a pH of 6.4-8.4 were analyzed. The
pH, turbidity, chlorine, sulphate, nitrate, nitrite and
ammonia fell within the range stipulated for drinking water
by WHO. Bicarbonate and sodium ions including conductivity
values were high. As the practice is not hygienic the water
may cause acute infectious diarrhea, repeat or chronic
diarrhea episodes, and other non-diarrheal disease, which
can arise from the chemical species.
Keywords: Ethiopia, hyperthermal springs, Physico-chemical properties, Hot springs, Acute and infectious diarrhea.