Elewa et al
Greener Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 3 (6), pp. 212-228, October 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7851 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: EB08091312
Quantitative Study of Surface and Groundwater Systems in the Western Part of the River Nile, Minia Governorate, Upper Egypt: Water Quality in Relation to Anthropogenic Activities
Ashraf M. T. Elewa*1, Esam El Sayed1, Mohamed El Kashouty2
and Mamdouh Morsi3
1Minia University, Faculty of , Geology Department.
2Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department.
3Environmental Department, Minia Governorate.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: ashraf.aleiwa @ mu.edu.eg
Quantitative analyses of ninety-six groundwater samples and
twenty-one surface samples from the western part of the
River Nile of Minia Governorate, Upper Egypt, enabled to
evaluate the water quality of the region in relation to
anthropogenic activities such as industrial & agricultural
activities, domestic & municipal wastewater and river
navigation. The use of Cluster Analysis (CA), based on the
correlation coefficient of similarity (the paired group
average method), revealed the distinction of six groups of
ground water samples, and three groups of surface water
samples; each has its characteristic composition and
geographic setting. Moreover, Principle Coordinate Analysis
(PCOA), based on Gower’s coefficient of similarity, made it
possible to distinguish the most important elements
affecting the quality of water in the studied area.
Keywords: Egypt, River Nile, quantitative study of surface and groundwater systems.