Greener Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 4 (2), pp. 022-029, March 2014.
ISSN: 2276-7851 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 012914077
Analysis of Vulnerability to Flood Disaster in Kano State, Nigeria
Aliyu Baba Nabegu
Department of Geography, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil.
Email: aliyunabegu @ kustwudil. edu. ng
This study assesses the vulnerability of households to flood
in Kano state, Nigeria, using questionnaires survey,
infrastructure analysis and flood impact information of the
most recent flood disaster collected by the Federal and
State agencies responsible for disaster management. The
survey covered households in areas that had experienced
heavy damage (Zone 1), medium (Zone 2) and light damage
(Zone 3). One hundred and fifty respondents from each zone
were interviewed in face-to-face interaction between March
and April 2013. The questionnaire explored household
characteristics before and after the flood disaster,
different coping mechanisms and analysis of infrastructures
such as schools, roads, bridges, hospitals and markets. The
human security index was used to determine the time a
household will need to recover from property damage. To
determine the strength of resilience of each of the zones,
the coping strategy with the highest score were summed up
and then divided by the total number of indicated coping
measures in each zone to obtain an index of the relative
strength of coping measures at each zone. A vulnerability
index was also calculated for each zone. The results
indicate variations between the zones in coping strength and
vulnerability which implies varying local coping capacities.
The study recommends the need to collect more baseline data
on vulnerability to flood at the local level which will ease
preparedness and management of flood disaster in the state.
Keywords: Vulnerability Index, hazard, human security index, disaster, risk, coping capacity.