Ajaero et al
Greener Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 3 (5), pp. 286-291, May 2013
ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2011 Greener Journals
This study is aimed at examining the physical and socioeconomic factors that influence agricultural productivity and sustainability in Adani, Nigeria. Household interviews on agricultural potentials and sustainability of the study area were randomly conducted on 240 households in the study area. Furthermore, soil samples were collected at depths of between 10 to 30 cm while rainfall data was obtained from the Center for Basic Space Science University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Descriptive statistics are used to analyze the rainfall characteristics while the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to analyze the socioeconomic factors of agricultural productivity and sustainability. Furthermore, the soil samples were analyzed to determine the particle size and soil types. The results showed that the soil in the study area is generally sandy clay and the rainfall intensity is 42.63mm/yr. Finally, PCA reduced socioeconomic factors to three underlying components that together account for 76.44% of the cumulative variance thus leaving 23.56% of the total variance unexplained due to other factors. The components are access to agricultural capital, availability of motivated agricultural workforce and provision of infrastructural facilities.
Keywords: Adani Town, Agricultural; Nigeria; Factors; Potentials; Sustainability