Lagmoj et al
Greener Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 3 (9), pp. 458-466, November 2013
ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 100613887
Study on the Outdoor Recreational Capability of Khorma Using (GIS)
*1Masoumeh Amiry Lagmoj,
2Dr. Abdolkarim Keshacarz Shokry,
3Dr. Armin Hashemy, 4Dr. Hasam Karim Zadegan
1Ms.c Environment, Department of environment, lahijan branch, Islamic azad university, lahijan, Iran.
3Department of Forestry, lahijan branch, Islamic azad university, lahijan, Iran.
2,4Department of Environment, lahijan branch, Islamic azad university, lahijan, Iran.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: masoumehamiri40 @ yahoo.com
Since early 1970s, tourism has been mentioned as a "smoke free industry" which mostly is based on using and developing the cultural and natural resources of the countries as tourism attractions. Outdoor recreational exploitation of the forest is among the appropriate strategies to protect them. Since, outdoor recreation issue related to the forests has been intermingled with conservation and has taken a specific status according to the characteristics of each area. If tourism is left uncontrolled, in addition to destroying the environment, it will threaten the identity and cultural bases of local societies.
Taken this important fact into consideration will make inevitable the necessity to manage the effects of the behaviour of visitors to control and adjust the adverse effects of tourism. Also, if the forest areas lack an appropriate pattern for tourism management, the areas will lose their characteristics in a wide range. In this regard, Khorma forest is located in Guilan province, Langeroud city, Otaghvar district, Otaghvar rural district, Khorma village with 2801.5 area. This area is part of lands of Dehjan forestry plan. It is located in parcel 204, series 2, Kooreh rood zone, 1.9 area of Khorma forest was selected as case study in this survey.
This survey aims to define the ecological capability of this area for tourism using Arc GIS 9.2 software (Geographic Information System), zone with 84% intensive use (15387 ), 8% conservation zone (1503) and 6% inappropriate zone (1246) was recognized. Also, defining the effects and consequences of tourism activities in Khorma forest was studied.
Keywords: Khorma forest, ecotourism, tourist, Geographic Information System (GIS).