Mutangi and Mutari
Greener Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 4 (2), pp. 071-077, February 2014
ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2011 GJSS
Manuscript Number: 1202131009
Socio-cultural Implications and Livelihoods Displacement of the moved Communities as a result of the Construction of the Tokwe Mukosi Dam, Masvingo
Mutangi Gumisai Tinotenda1* and Mutari Wellington2
1Lecturer, Sociology Department, Great Zimbabwe University.
2High School Teacher, Specializing in geograph and Sociology.
Email: 2mutariwellington @ gmail.com
*Corresponding Author’s Email: gtmutangi @ gmail.com
The aim of the research was to examine the socio-cultural implications of forced migration and the changes in livelihoods as a result of the relocation paving way for the construction of the Tokwe Mukosi Dam in Masvingo. Qualitative methodology was used and unstructured interviews, focused group discussions and transect walks were used as data gathering instruments. The paper unveiled that in most cases when development is to take place, displacement also occurs especially for the nearby communities and this have profound consequences on the socio- cultural aspects of the communities concerned. It was discovered that as result of the construction of Tokwe Mukosi Dam, there has been disintegration of family tie, destruction of shrines, graves, and cultural values of the locals were not considered. Relocation has also resulted in changes in the livelihoods of the moved communities because some of the practices which used to sustain them were affected. Women were not spared by the effects of displacement because most of the projects like gardening which they used to practice were disturbed as well and they were left with many duties and responsibilities and had to think outside the box for them to earn out a living and to feed the family.
Keywords: socio-cultural, livelihoods, livelihood strategies, displacement, interface, social disintergration, vulnerability, development, cultural paradigms, gender.
Call for Papers/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process articles promptly and publish ready articles daily in each current issue.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.