Greener Journal of Social Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Choose Language


Masunungure and Mbwirire

Greener Journal of  Social Sciences Vol. 6 (2), pp. 038-047, March 2016

  ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2015 GJSS

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 012616022



Women’s Participation in Resolving Church Conflicts. A Case of the Salvation Army, Bindura Citadel, Zimbabwe


Masunungure C1 and Mbwirire J1*


1Faculty of Applied Social Science, Zimbabwe Open University, P O BOX MP 1119 MT Pleasant, Harare Zimbabwe



This study investigates women’s participation in resolving church conflicts. The study used a mixed method approach combining focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and congregants survey. The findings of the study were that women in the Salvation Army Church, Bindura Citadel were actively participating in resolving church conflicts through counseling, mediation, negotiation, and facilitation and by being members of the powerful Pastoral Care Council whose main role was to hear matters referred from the lower echelons of the church. It was established that the church was organized and administered in military style with all congregants referred to as “soldiers” and leadership titles bearing military ranks. The church faced the challenge of male domination due to the patriarchal nature of African and church communities, lack of self confidence and esteem as well as the lack of support from fellow women. The study recommended that women be trained and encouraged to participate and support one another in resolving church conflicts. Furthermore, church policy reforms were recommended to foster women participation.


Keywords: Women participation, conflict, religious conflict, conflict resolution.


Beta, T. (2015). An Exploration of Splits in African Independent Churches in Zimbabwe (2012-2014). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 7, July 2015 1 ISSN 2250-3153 Available url: Accessed 22 August 2015.


Bible Hub (2015). 1 Samuel 25. English Standard Version. Available url: Accessed 8 October 2015


Chanakira, T. (2012). Musha Mukadzi. Women, Emotions and Cancer. Available url: Accessed 9 February 2015.


Chitando, E. (2007). Redemptive Masculinities. World Christian Council of Churches. Available url: Accessed 9 October 2015


Corsi, J, R. (2012). Obama changes his story: ‘Born to a single mom’ Available url: Accessed 25 August.


Dodo, O. (2013). Traditional Leadership Systems and Gender Recognition: Zimbabwe. International Journal of Gender and Women’s Studies 1(1); June 2013 pp. 29-44 Available url: Accessed  25 August 2015.


Health, E. (2011). Apostolic faith church organization contexts for health and wellbeing in women and children. Available url: Accessed 8 October 2015.


iKnow Politics (2012). Increasing young women’s engagement in political parties (2012-07-09 - 2012-07-30). Available url:’s-engagement-political-parties2012-07-09-2012-07-30 Accessed 8 October 2015.


Jenkins, C. (2012). Women in Business: Their Own Worst Enemy. Available url : Accessed 17 April 2015.


Kurebwa, J. (2013). Rural Women’s Representation And Participation In Local Governance In The Masvingo And Mashonaland Central Provinces Of Zimbabwe. Nelson Mandela University.


Nesoba, D. (2014). Need for women empowerment Affirmative action demystified. Available url: Accessed 8 October 2015


Ntahobari, J., Ndayiziga, B. (2003). The role of Burundian women in the peaceful settlement of conflicts. Women and Peace in Africa. Case Studies on traditional conflict resolution practices. UNESCO. Available url : Accessed 14 August 2015.


Sample, R. (2010). Liberal Feminism. Available url: Accessed 8 October 2015


The Woman’s Study Bible (1995). Genesis 2:18. Thomas Nelson Publishers.


UNDP (2013). Supporting Women’s Role in Peace-building in Zimbabwe.UNDP in Zimbabwe. Available url: Accessed 16 August 2015.


UN Women, (2012). Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations: Connections between Presence and Influence. UN Women. United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. Available url : k-03a-womenpeacenegotiations-en.pdf. Accessed 15 August 2015


Walter, T. (1990). Why are most churchgoers women? A Literature Review. Vox Evangelica 20 (1990): 73-90. Available url : Accessed 26 August 2015.


ZIMSTAT. (2012). National Census Report of 2012. Available url: Accessed 15 August 2015

Call for Papers

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process articles promptly and publish ready articles daily in each current issue.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or


Login Form

Other Journals