Greener Journal of Social Sciences

Open Access

Desta

Greener Journal of  Social Sciences Vol. 7 (1), pp. 001-006, February 2017

  ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2017 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 010917002


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJSS.2017.1.010917002)

 

Assessment of Opportunities and Constraints of Small Ruminant Production and Marketing in Tahtay Adyabo District, Tigray, Ethiopia

 

Zemeda Desta

 

Tigray Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) Shire –Maitsebri Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 81, Shire, Ethiopia.


Abstract


This study was aimed at assessment of opportunities and constraints of small ruminant production and marketing in TahtayAdyabo District of Tigray. The data were collected fromboth primary and secondary sources. Primary data were collected from a randomly selected 138 sample households and 26 traders. The study showed that constraints hindering the development of small ruminant production were animal diseases (58.7%), inadequate animal health services (13%) shortage of feed (10.9%), shortage of land (9.4%), shortage of labor (5.1%) and predators (2.9%). On the marketing side, lack of livestock market information (57.98%), seasonality of small ruminant demand (29.71%), distance to livestock market (10.14%) and low market price for small ruminant (2.17%) are the major marketing problems of small ruminant producers. Unlicensed traders (61.5%), seasonality of supply (27%) and problem in information flow (11.5%) are the major marketing problems mentioned by traders.Therefore, provision of adequate veterinary services and drugs,developing and improving infrastructure, creation of awareness to farmers about improved forage species and supplementary feeding, provision of timely and accurate market information and enforced government rules and regulations on business registration and licensing are important interventions.

 

Keywords: Marketing, Production, Small ruminant, TahtayAdyabo District, Ethiopia.


Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


CSA (Central Statistical Agency) (2015).Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions.At District Level from 2014 – 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

CSA (Central Statistical Agency) (2015). Agricultural Sample Survey, 2014/15 (2007 E.C.), Volume II: Report on Livestock and livestock characteristics (Private peasant holdings). Statistical Bulletin 578, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Cochran, W.G(1977). Sampling techniques, 3rd Edition. John Wiley &Sons, New York.

 

Endeshaw A (2007). Assessment on production system and marketing of goats at Dale District, Sidama Zone. MSc Thesis. Hawassa University, Awassa, Ethiopia.

 

Gebremariam S, Amare S, Baker D and Solomon A (2010). Diagnostic study of live cattle and beef production and marketing: Constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system; Consultant to International Food Policy Research Institute: ILRI.6.

 

Gebremedhin B, Hoekstra D and Jemaneh S (2007). Heading towards commercialization? The case of live animal marketing in Ethiopia.Improving Productivity and Market Success (IPMS) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 5. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya.

 

Getahun L(2008). Productive and economic performance of small ruminant production in production system of the highlands of Ethiopia.Doctoral Dissertation, University of Hohenheim, Hoheinheim, Germany.

 

Gizaw S, Tegegne A, Gebremedhin B and Hoekstra D(2010). Sheep and goat production and marketing systems in Ethiopia:Characteristics and strategies for improvement. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 23, Nairobi, Kenya.

 

Hussen M, Kechero Y and Molla M(2015).Productive and reproductive performances ofruminant livestock in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Reproduction and Infertility, 6 (2): 27-34.

 

Legese G, Haile A, Duncan A, Dessie T, Gizaw S and Rischkowsky B (2014).Sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia: A synthesis of opportunities and constraints. ICARDA/ILRI Project Report, Nairobi, Kenya.

 

TADOoARD (Tahtay Adyabo District Office of Agriculture and Rural Development)(2015). Annual report, Sheraro, Ethiopia.

 

TADOoI (Tahtay Adyabo District Office of Information)(2015). Annual report, Sheraro, Ethiopia

 

 

Tesfay Z, Anal Ak and Gebreyohanis G (2012). Assessment of the sheep production system of northern Ethiopia in relation to sustainable productivity and sheep meat quality. International Journal of Advanced Biological Research, 2(2): 302-313.

 

Tibbo M(2006). Productivity and health of indigenous sheep breeds and crossbreds in the
central Ethiopian highlands.Doctoral Dissertation, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

 

Tsedeke K(2007). Production and marketing of sheep and goats in Alaba District, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region.M.S thesis, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.