Chetambe et al
Greener Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 7 (2), pp. 015-021, May 2017
ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2017 GJSS
Manuscript Number: 041917052
The Influence of Christianity and Modernity on Youth Sexuality in Kisii Central Sub-County, Kenya
Everlyne Chetambe*, Boaz K. Onyancha & Joshua O. Ayiemba
Dept. of Philosophy, History and Religious Studies, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya.
Before the advent of Christianity in Africa, the Abagusii community had systems of teaching youth responsible sexual behaviour. This prepared them for adolescent and adult experiences. However, the introduction of Christianity and modernity in Kisii Central Sub-County over a century ago has created a new culture which has interfered with these traditional systems. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of Christianity and modernity on youth sexuality in Kisii Central Sub-County. Qualitative method of research was employed. Information was gathered using questionnaires and interviews. Selected youth, youth leaders, pastors, priests and catechists from selected SDA and Catholic Churches formed the sample of 108 respondents. The study found out that Christianity and modernity have negatively influenced youth sexuality education in the area under study. They have weakened the moral fibre because the community hardly provides informal education for socialization of its youth as it did before. Besides, though churches organised youth programmes to teach youth on sexuality issues, youth rated them as inadequate. This causes uncertainty on sexuality matters and inclines youth to unreliable sources (peers, mass media and social networks).
Key words: Influence, Christianity, Modernity, Youth sexuality, Church, Morality.
Adorno, T. W., Frenkel-Brunswick E., Levinson, D.J., and Sanford R. N. (1950), The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Allport, G. W. (1961). Pattern and Growth in Personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Ausubel, D. P. (1954). Theory and Problems of Adolescent Development. New York: Grune and Straton.
Bahemuka, J. M. (1982). Our Religious Heritage. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson and sons limited.
Bennaars G. (1993). Ethics, Education and Development: An Introductory Text for Students in African Colleges and Universities. Nairobi: East African Publishers.
Bosire, K. M. and Machogu, G.K. (2013). Authoritative Ekegusii-English Dictionary. (First Edition). Ekegusii Encyclopedia Project.
Combs, A., Arila, D. and Purkey, W. (1971). Helping Relationships: Basic Concepts for the Helping Profession. Boston: Allyan and Bacon.
Dudley, R. (1978). Why Teenagers reject Religion and what to do about it. Washington D.C.: Review and Herald Publishing Association.
Green, E. C. (2003), Rethinking AIDS Prevention: Language from Successes in Developed Countries, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Havighurst, R. J. and Taba. (1949). .Adolescent Character and Personality. New York: John Wiley and sons.
Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP). (June, 2009). HIV and AIDS Prevention and Life Skills Training Manual. Director of Policy and Planning, Ministry of Education.
Kenya Human Rights Commission. (2010). Teenage Pregnancy and Unsafe Abortion: The Case of Korogocho Slums.
Maranga R. O., Muya, S. M. and Ogila, K. O. (2008). .Fundamentals of HIV/AIDS Education. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology.
Maynard, N. J. (1970). Child Study: Some practical Techniques for the Teacher. (2nd Edition). Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.
Mbiti, J. S. (1977). Love and Marriage in Africa. (Second Edition). Nairobi: Longhorn.
..................(1989). African Religions and Philosophy. (Second Revised and Enlarged Edition). London: Heinemann Educational publishers.
..................(1990). Introduction to African Religion. (Second Revised Edition). Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers.
Merton, R., (1968). Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development (NCAPD) (2010) Policy Brief No.11-April 2010, Protecting the Reproductive Health of Young People-An Investment in Kenya’s Future. Nairobi.
Ochieng’, W. R., (1974). A Pre-Colonial History of the Gusii of Western Kenya C. A. D. 1500-1914. Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau.
Peck, R. F. and Havighurst, R. J. (1960). The Psychology of Character Development. New York: John Willey and Sons.
Richards, O. L. (1972). Youth Ministry: It’s Renewal in the Local Church. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House.
Rogers, D. (1972). The Psychology of Adolescence. (Second Edition). New York: Appleton- Century-Crofts.
Rogers, W. R. (1969). The Alienated Student. Nashville: Board of Education, the United Methodist Church.
Schiamberg, L. B. (1973). Adolescent Alienation. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merill.
Sharkey, B. and Welch, F. G. (1979). Modern Christian Living. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
Tabifor, H. and Mulyanga, S. (2003). How to Teach Children Sexuality: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers. Nairobi: Alpha and Omega Publishers.
Thompson, R. A. (2012). Professional School Counselling: Best Practices for Working in Schools (3rd edition). New York: Routledge.
Yates, J. E., (January, 1969), “Erikson’s study of the Identity Crisis in Adolescence and its Implications for Religious Education”, Dissertation Abstracts.
Periodicals, Journals and Papers
Parsitau, D. S. (2009) “Keep Holy Distance and Abstain Till He Comes: Interrogating a Pentecostal Church’s Engagements with HIV/AIDS and the Youth in Kenya, The Journal of Modern African Studies, 56 (1), 47, 45-64. Cambridge University Press.
Trinitapoli, J. (2006). “Religious Responses to AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: An examination of Religious Congregations in Rural Malawi.” Review of Religious Research, 47, 253-270.
Dissertations and Theses
Ayiemba, J. O. (1992). “The Role of the Church in Rural Development: A case study of the SDA Church in South Nyanza District”, M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi.
Okemwa, P. F. (1993). “The Place and Role of women in the SDA Church in Kenya (1911-1990)”, M.A., Kenyatta University, Kenya.
Onyancha, B. K. (1989). “African Spiritual response to Western Christianity with particular reference to Abagusii and the Seventh-Day Adventist Church in Ogembo Division, Kisii District, Kenya”, M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi.
Were, M. (2007). “Determinants of teenage pregnancies: The case of Busia District in Kenya” Economics and Human
Biology 5 (2007) 322–339. Retrieved from http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ehb on 23rd September, 2012.
Call for Papers/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process articles promptly and publish ready articles daily in each current issue.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.