Greener Journal of Social Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Choose Language


Olawuni et al

Greener Journal of  Social Sciences Vol. 7 (2), pp. 007-014, May 2017

  ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2017 GJSS

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 050715068



Environmental Implications of Abattoir Waste Generation and Management in Developing Countries: The Case of Lagos State Abattoir in Agege, Nigeria


Olawuni PO*1, Daramola OP1 and Soumah M2


1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ibafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

2Regional Centre for Training in Aerospace Survey (RECTAS), Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.


This study aims at determining the effects of Lagos State Abattoir in Oko-Oba, Agege with consideration to its proximity to the surrounding environment in the study area. The studied jurisdiction of the abattoir was carved out and stratified into four (4) different strata using ArcView 3.2 at an average radius of 0.8 kilometres (800 metres) to the abattoir, with intervals of 200 metres. For the administration of questionnaire, 213 copies of questionnaires were successfully recovered with 51 in the first stratum, 57 in the second, 60 in the third and 45 in the last stratum and thus used in the analysis for this study. The study revealed that the abattoir has polluting effects on its environment and consequently capable of generating negative health effects on its surrounding residents. Also, it is established that the farther the location of the residences to the abattoir, the lesser the degree of the environmental effects of the abattoir and possibly the health effects on the residents and vice-versa. Based on this, the study recommends, among others, adequate provision of necessary facilities for effective waste disposal in the abattoir and control of residential building development close to the abattoir.


Keywords: Waste generation, waste management, Abattoir, Lagos

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


Abiola, S.S. (1995) Assessment of Abattoir and Slaughter Slab Operation in Oyo  State.   Nigeria  Journal of Animal Production Vol. 5, pp 54 – 62.


Adeyemo, O.K (2002) Unhygienic Situation of a City Abattoir in South Western Nigeria: Environmental Implication.’ AJEAM/RAGEE Vol. 4 No. 1 pp 23-28.


Adeyemo O, Adeyemi I; Awosanya E. (2009) Cattle cruelty and risks of meat contamination at Akinyele cattle market and slaughter slab in Oyo State, Nigeria. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41, 1715- 1721.


Akinro A. O.; Ologunagba, I.B. and  Olotu, (2009). Environmental implications of unhygienic operation     of a city abattoir in Akure, Western Nigeria. .Journal of     Engineering and Applied Sciences 4,      311-315.           


Alonge, D.O. (1991) Textbook of Meat Hygiene in the Tropics. Farmcoe Press, Ibadan,    Nigeria.


Aniebo, A. O.; Wekhe, S.N.; Okoli, I.C. (2009) Abattoir blood waste generation in River     state and its  environmental implications in the Niger Delta. Toxicological and             Environmental Chemistry 91, 619-625.


Bello, Y. O.; Oyedemi, D. T. A. (2009) Impact of abattoir activities and management in residential neighbourhoods: A case study of Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Journal of Social Science 19, 121-127.


Chukwu O. (2008). Analysis of groundwater pollution from abattoir waste in Minna, Nigeria.          Research Journal of Diary Science 2, 74-77.


Chukwu, O.; Adeoye, P.A.; Chidiebere, I. (2011) Abattoir wastes generation, management            and the environment: a case of Minna, North Central Nigeria. International Journal of    Biosciences (IJB) Vol. 1, No. 6, p. 100-109.


Gauri, S. M. (2006) Treatment of wastewater from abattoirs before land application: a       review. Bioresource Technology 97, 1119- 1135.


Hunter P. R.; Zmirou-Navier, D. and Hartemann P. (2009) Estimating the impact on health of       poor     reliability of drinking water interventions in developing countries. Science of   the total Environment 407, 2621-2624.


Meadows, R. (1995) Livestock Legacy. Environmental Health Perspectives 103 (12) pp 1096        – 1100.


Mishra, V. (2003) Health Effects of Air Pollution. A Background Paper for Population-       Environment Research Network (PERN) Cyber seminar.


Muhirwa D.; Nhapi, I.; Wali, U; Banadda, N.; Kashaigili, J.; Kimwaga R. (2010)     Characterization of wastewater from an abattoir in Rwanda and the impact on            downstream water quality. International Journal of Ecology & Development 16,           30-        46.


Osibanjo O.; Adie, G. U. (2007) Impact of effluent from Bodija abattoir on the physico-      chemical parameters of Oshunkaye stream in Ibadan city, Nigeria. African Journal of       Biotechnology 6, 1806-1811.


Osemwota, O. (2010) Effect of abattoir effluent on the physical and chemical properties of soils. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 167, 399-404.


Raheem N.K. and Morenikeji 0.A. (2008) Impact of abattoir effluents on surface waters of             the Alamuyo stream in Ibadan. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. March, 2008 Vol. 12(1) 73 – 77.


Singh, V.P.; Neelam S. (2011). A survey report on Impact of Abattoir Activities Management         on environments. Indian Journal of Veterinarians 6, 973-978.


Uhakheme, O. (2006) ‘Oko-Oba: Beauty Built on Filth’ Saturday Independent January 7, 2006, pp A7 & A9.


UNEP (2002) Cleaner Production in Meat Processing. Nairobi: United Nations Environment          Programme;


WHO (1981) Guidelines to Reduce Human Health Risks Associated Animals in Urban Areas. VPH/81.29, World Health Organisation, Geneva.


World Bank (1998) ‘Meat Processing and Rendering.’ Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook. World Bank  Group, Washington, DC


WRRC (2004) Meat processing: Environmental Impact. Waste Reduction Centre, A Member        of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange.

Call for Papers/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process articles promptly and publish ready articles daily in each current issue.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or


Login Form

Other Journals