Greener Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

Excellence and Timeliness

Change Language


Umoh et al

Greener Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition Vol. 4 (3), pp. 030-035, August 2017.

  ISSN: 2354-2292 © 2017 Authors

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 080117100



Fractional Recovery of Applied Potassium in Soils of Southeastern Nigeria


*1Umoh F. O, 2Osodeke V. E and 3G. S. Effiong  


1Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Akwa Ibom State University, Mkpat    Enin, P. M. B. 1167, Uyo, Nigeria.

2Department of Soil Science and Meteorology, Michael Opara University of Agriculture,    Umudike, P.M. B. 7257, Umuahia, Nigeria.

3Department of Soil Science and Land Resources Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria


The fractional recovery of K was assessed in three selected surface soils of southeastern Nigeria. Soils used were form on alluvium, shale, and coastal plain sands parent materials and were treated to various concentration levels of K, ranging from 0 -200mgl-1 prepared from KCL. The amount of K was measured at time intervals of 1, 7, 30, 90 and 180 days. Result of incubation period shows that the highest K recovered was obtained in alluvium soil while the least came from shale in the order: alluvium (0.26) > coastal plain sand (0.11) > shale (0.02). Soils developed from shale had the highest K fixing capacity (98%) while alluvium (74%) had the least. The amount of K required to increase the soil solution K value (NH40Ac extracted) by 1mgl-1 (fertilizer factor) was high: coastal plain sands (166.0 cmolkg-1) > alluvium (67.4 cmolkg-1) > shale 55.1 cmolkg-1). The fertilizer factor provides a useful index of obtaining the K fertilizer needs and these rates are recommended for these soils studied.


Keywords: Potassium, Parent Material, Fixation, Fractional Recovery, Fertilizer Factor.  

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


Agbede, O. O. (2009). Understanding of Soil and Plant Nutrition. Salman Press.   Nasarawa State. 13 183 – 271


Agboola, A. A (1982). Prospect and Problem of US soil testing for adoption of      fertilizer use in Ekiti – Akoko Agricultural Project Area. Soil Testing     Field work. University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 22 – 26.


Akintokun, P. O and Oweye, O. O. (2011). Effect of land-use pattern on   phosphorus and potassium fixation on maize performance. Journal of             Agricultural Science and environment. Vol. 11, (1) 26 -33.


Ano, A. O. (1992).Potassium Fixation characteristics of Eastern Nigeria Soils       developed from diverse parent material. Journal of Potassium Research            8:177 -186.


Ano, A. O (2003). Effect of Amendment with termite mound on K fixation of          some soils of South Eastern Nigeria, Derived from Coastal Plain Soils.           Proc. of 28thAnnual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria.Umudike Pp 180–184


Bangroo, S. A, Wani, M. A, Malik, M. A (2012). Potassium adsorption      characteristics of soils under long term maize – legume cropping           sequence. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 7 (48): 6507 – 6507.


Dhaliwal, A.K, Gupta, R. K and Bijay, S (2006). Potassium fixation and release     characteristics of some Benchmark soil series under rice – wheat cropping         system in Indo-Gengetic Plains of Northwestern India. Communication in,             Soil Science, Plant Analysis 37:827 – 845.


Klute, A. (1986). Methods of Soil Analysis: Part I. Physical and Mineralogical        Properties 2ndedition. ASH, CSSA SSSA Madison, W/A


Nelson, D. W and Sommers, L.E (1996). Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and        Organic Matter methods of soil analysis Part III Chemical methods. Soil Science Society. American Book Series.


Ogunlade, M. O Ibiremo, O.S. Ipinmoroti, R. R. Lloyyanomon C. I Alkpokpodion   (2011). Determination of phosphorous and Potassium fixation capacities           and fertilizer factor in soils of three cocoa growing Areas. Nigerian             Journal, soil Nature 5 (1) :  11 – 16.


Rao, S Rupa, T. R. Subba Roa, A, and Bansal, S. K (2000). Potassium fixation    characteristic of major benchmark soils of India. Journal of the India       Society of Soil Science. 48:220 – 228.


Ravichandran, M. and Sviramachandrasekharan, M. V (2011). Optimizing timing of potassium application in productivity enhancement of crops. Karnataka          Journal of Agricultural Science 24(1)75 – 80.


Sparks, D. L (1996) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical properties. Soil    Science Society of America Book series, N0. 5, 1006


Udo, E. J (1982). Potassium quantity intensity relations and fixation capacity of    Southeastern Nigerian Surface Soils. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science 3:120 – 134.

Call for Papers

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles monthly in two yearly issues.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or


Login Form

Other Journals