Greener Journal of World Peace, Security and Development
Vol. 2 (1), pp. 001-011, November 2016.
ISSN: 2354-2365 © 2013 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 102816180
Community Policing in Urban Kano, Nigeria: Reasons behind its Failure
Ali Ado Siro
PhD Fellow, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
Department of Criminology and Security Studies, Federal University Dutse, P.M.B. 7156, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
The rate at which crimes skyrocket generally in Nigeria indicated a need of collaborative policing to manage the situation at hand. Despite this urgent need, many problems are perceived to be responsible for failure in community policing strategy in curbing urban Kano crimes. This research aimed at looking at these possible factors and how they are related to failure of the long awaited and envisaged success in crime management. Being a quantitative research, the questionnaires were administered on 400 sampling units who were purposively selected with 50 representing each of the eight local government areas that made up the study area. Analysis was made using VB-SEM-PLS Smart2.0M3 software. The results showed that inter agency problems (synergy), logistic problems, and political intervention as the independent variables possessed direct positive effects on lack of public confidence as the mediator while lack of police professional skills did not. However, all the four independent variables possessed a direct positive effects on failure of community policing as the dependent variable. As lack of public confidence mediate, interagency problem (synergy), logistic problems and political interference maintained indirect relationships with the failure of community policing while lack of police professional skills have not. Hence, to achieve efficient community policing, interagency problems should be managed, funds, adequate working tools should be provided and more personnel recruited. Similarly, acquisition of more professional skills should be one of the top priorities. Also, the policing system should not be politicised but should be allowed to take a natural course. These if maintained would restore the public confidence in the police, utilising which, community policing will be successful. Thus, this could only be achieved through collaborative efforts of both concerned authorities, NGOs, entertainment industry and the general public.
Keywords: Community policing, inter-agency problems, logistic problems, police professional skill, public confidence in the police force, and political intervention.
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