Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication Systems

Open Access

Manjeese et al

Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication Systems. Vol. 2 (1), pp. 001-010, April 2015.  

ISSN: 2354-2373 © 2015 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 051114383



A closer look on the awareness of information security amongst Zimbabwean universities’ staff: A case study of Great Zimbabwe University


*1Manjeese Caleb, 2Mawere Talent, 3Sai Kundai Oliver and 4Denhere Prosper Tafadzwa


1,2,3Great Zimbabwe University

4Midlands State University


E-mails: cmanjeese83 @gmail. com1, talentmawere @gmail. com2, kundiesai @yahoo. com3, denherepee@yahoo .co.uk4


*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: cmanjeese83 @, Phone: +263773262360 


The research was conducted at a university in Zimbabwe to determine the information security awareness of its employees. The literature review conducted showed that information security awareness training is important in any organization which is serious about securing its information assets. The researchers used closed response questionnaire to gather data about the respondents’ awareness, attitudes and behaviors. The responses were analysed using SPSS and the researcher chose to use descriptive statistics in the process as they are easy to comprehend. The generality of the respondents showed lack of information awareness training as shown by their responses which indicated their attitudes and behaviors. The researchers came up with a number of recommendations such as the establishment of an independent information security department, scheduled information security awareness training (ISAT) programmes, that are evaluated over time.

Keywords: Information security, awareness, attitudes, behaviors, training.


Cisco, Data Leakage Worldwide: The Effectiveness of Security Policies,,  Cisco


Clawson, P. What Every CEO Should Know About IT Security, Lumension


Colin Campbell (2014). The Baltimore Sun, February 20, 2014 More than 309,000 identities exposed in University of Maryland cyber attack


ENISA, (2007). Information security awareness initiatives: Current practises and measurement of successes. ENISA and PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP,


Francis Kaitano (2010) Information Security Governance: Missing Link In Corporate Governance, TechZim.


Johnson, E.M. & Goetz,E. (2007). Embedding Information Security into the Organization, IEEE Computer Society


Martin Manjak, (2006). Social Engineering Your Employees to Information Security, SANS InstituteInfoSec Reading Room


MIT(2014) What Are the Risks to Data?,


Okenyi, P.O., Owens, T.J. (2007). "On the anatomy of human hacking", Information Systems Security, Vol. 16 pp.302-314


PwC Survey (2013). Changing the Game Key Findings from the Global State of Information Security Survey 2013, available at,


Rebecca Herold (2010). Why Information Security Training and Awareness Are Important,  Information Systems Security,


Robin Sharp,(2007). ed, Internet Safety and Security Surveys: A Review, Informatics and Mathematical Modelling ,Technical University of Denmark


SecureInfo Corporation (2007). Information Security Awareness Report: The Government Workers’ Perspective, Welz & Weisel Communications


Shaw, E.D.  Ruby,K.G. and Post, M. (1998). The Insider Threat To Information Systems, Political Psychology Associates, ltd


Stanford University (2014). Information Security Office-Overview and Charter,


Support Center Security (2014). Data Security Incidents: Prevention & Response Procedures at UMass Amherst,


Technet (2014). Responding to IT Security Incidents, Microsoft


Techtarget (2014). Should an organization centralize its information security division? Http://


The Security Company International (2014). The Awareness Security Survey.


Winnipeg, (2008). Assessment of Information Security Awareness: Information Security Awareness-Final Report, Winniperg, Audit Department


The Massachussetts General Laws (2009). The Massachusetts Data Security Law and Regulation.