Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication Systems. Vol. 3 (2), pp. 29-40, May 2017.
Manuscript Number: 111116204
Research Article (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJIICS.2017.2.111116204)
Digital economy, diasporized ‘homes’ and ideological crisis in global interpretive communities: rethinking the political economy of ICT virtual reality
University of Bamenda, Republic of Cameroon
This paper on digital economy, the diaspora and ideological crisis argues that ICTs in the context of the political economy of trans-nationalism and globalization are a very powerful machinery taking on new shapes, concerns and directions and with potential to subvert any narrations of nation states, home, roots or other forms of organization. Exploiting the tools and techniques of the cyberspace, with the uses to which they are put to promote capital (e-business, e-commerce, e-marketing, etc), the paper maintains that the technology intersects with and neutralizes concerns over civilization, identity, political image, ethnicity, religion, law, and so forth. The digital diaspora is therefore a formidable project which is ongoing at a greater pace than before; however, this pace is undecidable, unpredictable and irreducible to any given region, nation or community. Drawing insights from Stanley Fish’s critical theory of interpretive communities, it argues that digitization of the economy and the diaspora are narrowly fueled by the determinism of capital and ICT technologies; therefore, it is necessary to consider that there are always new forms of civilizational foundationalism that have the potential to resist the cyberspace of ‘origin’, from the perspectives of narratives of place, time, identity, etc, and are now re-asserting themselves in different ways and by re-engaging alternatively with the digital technologies of transnationalism and globalization and in a manner that was never predictable.
The new identitarian ideologies emerging from the digital economy and diasporization of ‘homes’ have to do with the culture of being ‘cool’, construction of new political awareness leading to dissensions, the talking-back website culture, lesbian and gay pride identities, post nation state identities, creation of transnational and multilinguistic ‘masses’, construction of pornography diasporic communities, communities of popular resentment and economic disruption, of self-organization , of digital youth branding;, black critical consumerism, and global humanity. New security questions are also emerging to take centre stage in these identities.
Keywords: E-marketing cyberculture and virtual reality, nation state communities and political dissensions, home, trans-nationalism and diaspora, neo-imperial age of the digital economy, undecidability of ideologies.
Abbott, J. (ed.) 2004,The political economy of the Internet in Asia and the Pacific: Digital divides, economic competitiveness, and security challenges. Westport, CT: Praeger
Adamic, Lada A., and Eytan Adar., 2001,You are what you link, Tenth International World Wide Web Conference, Hong Kong. 26 Apr. 2010. ‹http://www10.org/program/society/yawyl/YouAreWhatYouLink.htm›.
Alonso, A., Oiarzabal, P.J., 2010. The immigrant worlds’ digital harbors: An introduction. In: Alonso, A. & Oiarzabal, P.J., eds. 2010 Diasporas in the new media age. Identity, Politics and Community. Reno: University of Nevada Press, pp. 1-15.
Androutsopoulos, J. 2007, Language choice and code-switching in German-Based diasporic web forums, in B. Danet and S. C. Herring (eds), The Multilingual Internet, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 340–61.
Anderson, Benedict. 2006 (1983), Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Rev. ed. London: Verso,.
Appadurai, A., 1996, Modernity at large: Cultural dimensions of globalization. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press.
Balibar, E., 1998, The borders of Europe, in P. Cheah and B. Robbins (eds), Cosmopolitics. Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 216–29.
—— 2003, We, the people of Europe?: Reflections on transnational citizenship, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Berry, C., Kim, S. and Spigel, L.eds., 2010, Electronic elsewheres: media, technology and place, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Bernal, V. 2007. Diaspora, cyberspace and political imagination: The Eritrean diaspora online. SAGE Public Administration Abstracts. 34.
Blythe, S E. 2011, A critique of Argentine, e-commerce law and recommendations for improvement, Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law: 17 (1): 5-15
Bolaffi G, Bracalenti F, Braham P, and Sandro G, 2003, Dictionary of race, ethnicity and culture, London: Sage.
Boomen, Van den Lammes, M., Lehmann, S., Raessens, A. S., and Schäfer, M. T. 2009, Digital material. tracing new media in everyday life and technology, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Brainard, L. A.., Brinkerhoff, J. M., 2004. Lost in cyberspace: shedding light on the dark matter of grassroots organizations’. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 33, 32-53.
Brinkerhoff, J. M., 2009. Digital diasporas: identity and transnational engagement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, W. 2008, Porous sovereignty, walled democracy, Paper presented at the Katz Distinguished Lecture in the humanities, April, 22, University of Washington, USA (see also Podcast Lecture), https://depts.washing-ton.edu/uwch/programs/lecture- series/katz/wendy_brown.
Castells, M. 1996, The information age: economy, society and culture, Oxford: Blackwell.
Chow R, 1993, Writing diaspora: tactics of intervention in contemporary cultural studies, Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press
Craun, D ,2016, Building a global diasporic, Muslim-centric media company , https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/building-global-diasporic-muslim-centric-media-company-dustin-craun
Diminescu, D., 2008. The Connected Migrant: an Epistemological Manifesto. Social Sciences Information,vol 47, no 4.
Diminescu, D., Jacomy, M., Renault, M., 2010. Study on social computing and immigrants and ethnic minorities: Usage trends and implications. Joint Research Center Technical Note.
Drucker, J., Lunenfeld, P., Presner, T. and Schnapp, J. 2012, Digital humanities, Cambridge: MIT Press.
Everett, A. 2009.Digital diaspora: a race for cyberspace. Albany, SUNY Press.
Falzon, M.A., 2004, Cosmopolitan connections: the Sindhi diaspora 1860-2000, Leiden: Brill;
Franklin, M. I., 2001. Inside out: Postcolonial subjectivities and everyday life online. International Feminist Journal of Politics. 3, 387-422.
Stanley Fish, 1985, Theory of the interpretive community: A rhetoric for our time? Jon Harned, Freshman English News, 14 (2): 9-13, Published by: University of Cincinnati on behalf of Composition Studies https://www.jstor.org/stable/43518880
Georgiou, M, 2006, Diaspora, identity and the media: diasporic transnationalism and mediated spatialities. Creskill: Hampton Press.
Gilroy, P., 1993, The black atlantic: modernity and double consciousness. London: Verso,.
Gower, E, 1996, When the virtual becomes the real: a talk with Benedict Anderson, NIRA Review, 19 Apr. 2010 ‹http://www.nira.or.jp/past/publ/review/96spring/intervi.html›.
Haraway, D., 1997. Modest witness@second millennium. femaleman meets oncomouse: feminism and technoscience. New York: Routledge.
Ito, Mizuko, et al. 2010, Hanging out, messing out, and geeking out: kids living and learning with new media. Cambridge: MIT Press,.
Japanese American National Museum, 2005, Discover Nikkei: Japanese migrants and their descendants, Discover Nikkei,. 4 Oct. 2010. ‹http://www.discovernikkei.org/en/›.
Landow, G., 2006, Hypertext 3.0.: critical theory and new media in an era of globalization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP.
Ligaya M, and Wallimann, I, 2009, Globalization and third world women: exploitation, coping and resistance, London: Routledge
Liu, F., 2012.Politically indifferent' nationalists? Chinese youth negotiating political identity in the internet age. European Journal of Cultural Studies. 15, 53-69.
Lévy, P., 2001,Cyberculture (electronic mediations).Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press
Haraway D., 1991, Simians, cyborgs and women: the reinvention of nature, Routledge, New York, NY
Kitchin, R., 1998,Theoretical perspective: approaching cyberspace, Cyberspace: The World in the Wires. New York: Wiley .
Lama, A, 2010, Home is where the heartbreak Is for Japanese-Peruvians, Asia Times ‹http://www.atimes.com/japan-econ/AJ16Dh01.html›.
Landow, G, 2006..Hypertext 3.0.Critical theory and new media in an era of globalization.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP,
Miller, D, and Don Slater. 2000, The internet: an ethnographic approach. Oxford: Berg.
Mitra, R, 2010, Resisting the spectacle of pride: queer Indian bloggers as interpretive communities, Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 54(1), 163-178..
Moira C, Billotte J, Darbellay F, and Francis, 2011, The challenge of transdisciplinarity, Lausanne: EPFL
Nder A., 2014, E-commerce: tabaski rams bought in Paris, eaten in Dakar, Fiona Graham, ed. http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29462456
Ndi, A., 2015, What nature of ‘nation’ existed beyond Benedict Anderson’s ‘imagined communities’ of modernization in Africa?: rethinking pre-independence project of political entrepreneurs in social ‘writings’ and creative art Platinum Global Journal of Social Science and Humanities (PGJSSH), 10(10): 10-018, Available online http://platinumglobaljournals.org/pgjssh/index.php.
Odin, Jaishree K., 1997, The edge of difference: negotiations between the hypertextual and the postcolonial, Modern Fiction Studies 43(3): 598-630.
Oiarzabal, P. 2013, The Basque diaspora webscape: identity, nation and homeland, 1990s–2010s, Reno: University of Nevada.
Parham, A. A., 2004. Diaspora, community and communication: internet use in transnationalHaiti. Global Networks. 4, 199-217.
Parker, D. and Song, M. 2006, New ethnicities online: reflexive racialisation and the Internet, The Sociological Review, 54(3): 575–94.
Ponzanesi, S, 2001, Diasporic narratives @ home pages: the future as virtually located. Colonies – Missions – Cultures in the English-Speaking World.ed. Gerhard Stilz. Tübingen: Stauffenburg, 396–406.
Raisinghani Mahesh, 2008, Handbook of research on global information technology management in the digital economy, UK: IGI Global
Ridings, C. M., Geffen, D., 2006. Virtual community attraction: why people hang out online. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 10.
Rogers, R. 2013, Digital methods, Cambridge: MIT Press.
Safran, W., 1991, Diasporas in modern societies: myths of homeland and return, Diaspora1 (1): 83-99.
Saunders, R, 2011, Ethnopolitics in cyberspace : the internet, minority nationalism and the web of identity, UK: Lexington Books,
Shanthil K and Boas, T., 2003, Open networks, closed regimes: the impact of the internet on authoritarian rule, Washington: Carnegie Endowment.
Sheng, D., 2007, Digital diaspora and national image building: a new perspective on Chinese diaspora study in the age of China’s rise, Pacific Affairs, 80(4): 627-648
UNESCO, 2013, Creative economy report, USA; UNDP
UN, 2001, Human development report 2001: making new technologies work for human development, New York: UNDP
Wanning S, and Sinclair, J.,2016, Media and communication in the Chinese diaspora: rethinking transnationalism, Routledge: London
Whitson R., and Whittaker, J., 2013, William Blake and the digital humanities: collaboration, participation and the social media, New York: Routledge.
Cite this Article: Ndi A (2017). Digital economy, diasporized ‘homes’ and ideological crisis in global interpretive communities: rethinking the political economy of ICT virtual reality. Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication Systems, 3(2): 29-40, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJIICS.2017.2.042617054
Call for Papers/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles monthly in two yearly issues.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.