Simon Et Al

Simon et al



Greener
Journal of  Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 3 (
2), pp.090-096,
February 2013


 ISSN: 2276-7770 



Research

Paper

Manuscript
Number:101812119

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2013.2.101812119

 



Combining Ability Analysis in F1 Hybrids of
Cotton (Gossypium Species L.) by Diallel Method
in Northeastern Nigeria

 


1
S.
Y. Simon*, 1A. M. Kadams and
2
B. Aliyu.

 


1
Department
of Crop Production and Horticulture, Modibbo Adama
University of Technology, Yola, 

Adamawa State


2
Taraba
State University, Jalingo, Taraba State

 

 *Corresponding
author’s Email: jatutu24@ gmail. com

Abstract:

Crosses were made between eight cotton genotypes in a full
diallel crossing pattern in 2005/2006 at the Research Farm
of the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology,
Yola. The resulting 56 F1 hybrids along with their parents
were evaluated in the cropping season of 2007 in Yola,
Adamawa State and Sibre, Taraba State. Also, the resulting
F2 hybrids and their parental lines were evaluated in 2008
at Yola and Sibre, Adamawa and Taraba States in a Randomized
Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications in each
location. The study investigated the type of gene effects
and mode of inheritance of quantitative characters among F1
population of cotton, the GCA effects of the parent, SCA
effects of the hybrids, reciprocal effects and maternal
effects. The analysis of variance indicated that there were
significant differences among the cotton populations for
most of the characters evaluated in terms of level of
significant influence of the environments on the different
sources of variation and their interactions with each other
and the environments. The study revealed that general
combining ability (GCA) effect was lower than specific
combining ability (SCA) effect for most of the characters
evaluated; suggesting that inheritance of these characters
is governed mainly by non additive gene effects. The study
identified SAMCOT 11, EX-Benin, SAMCOT 8 and SAMCOT 13 to be
the best general combiners for most of the important yield
components in both populations. SAMCOT 10 x SAMCOT 11 and
SAMCOT 10 x SAMCOT 11 were identified as the best specific
combiners among the F1 hybrids for early maturity and yield.

 
Key words: Combining ability, hybrids, generations,
cotton, diallel, F1

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