Keremah And Esquire

Keremah and Esquire



Greener
Journal of  Agricultural Sciences


Vol. 4 (2), pp.
034-038,
March 2014.


 ISSN: 2276-7770 



Research

Paper

Manuscript Number: 041513577

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.2.041513577

 



Comparative Assessment of Growth Performance and
Economics of Production of Clarias gariepinus
Fingerlings in Ponds and Tanks

 



*Reginald Inodu Keremah and James Esquire

 

Department of Fisheries and Livestock
Production Technology,
Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, 

 Bayelsa State.

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email:
regreggie55 @ yahoo. com, Phone: +2348055311660

Abstract:

An experiment was
conducted to compare the growth and economics of producing
Clarias gariepinus in ponds (6.4×5.4×1.5m3)
and tanks (2.5×1.1×1.2m3) for 56days. Fingerlings
of Clarias gariepinus (mean weight, 1.80g and body
length, 4.40cm) were stocked at 250 and 50
fish separately into each pond and tank in
duplicates. Fish were fed a commercial feed containing 45%
crude protein at 5% body weight. It was divided into two
halves and fed at 1000 and 1600hours daily. At final
harvest, the total yield of fish was significantly greater
(P<0.05) in pond, 3.0kg than those in tank, 1.81kg. There
was no significant difference (P>0.05) in mean weight gain
(13.75+0.95g, 13.44+0.95g),
condition factor (0.92+0.03, 0.91+0.03)
and feed conversion ratio (0.56+0.01, 0.51+0.01)
between fingerlings stocked in pond and tank. Fish in pond
had higher percentage weight gain and specific growth rate
while survival rate ranged 74.11+0.54-88.80+0.54%
in the culture media. Net profits obtained were N4300
(pond) and N2250
(tank). The benefit: cost ratio was higher for
tank (1.38) than for pond (1.19). The pond environment
appeared more productive while the tank was more economical
with higher benefit in this study.

 

Keywords:
Comparative Study, Growth, Economics, Pond, Tank, Clarias
gariepinus.

Reference:


Abdullah AY (2007):
Evaluation of Fish Farming Potentials in Nigeria. An Approach Through the use
of Geographic Information System (GIS). Ph.D Thesis. University of Abuja, 168p.

Adebayo IA, Adesoji
SA (2008): Comparative Assessment of the Profit Margin of Catfish Reared in
Concrete Tank and Earthen Pond. African J. of Agric. Res., 3(10): 677-680.

Adewolu MA, Ogunsanmi
AO, Yunusa A (2008): Studies on Growth Performance and Feed Utilization of Two
Clariid Catfish and their Hybrid Reared Under Different Culture Systems.
European J. of Sci. Res., 23(2):252-260.

Alatise SP, Otubusin
SO (2006): Effect of different stocking densities on Production of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in Bamboo-net cage
System. In: Ansa EJ, Anyanwu PE, Ayonoadu BW, Erondu ES and Deekae SN (Eds.).
Proc. of 20th Conf. of FISON at Port Harcourt,
14th-18th Nov., 2005, pp. 24-29.

Atanda AN (2007):
Freshwater Fish seed resources in Nigeria. Assessment of Fresh water Fish Seed
Resources for Sustainable Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 501,
Rome, 628p.

Ayinla OA (1985):
Induced Spawning Trials of Clarias
gariepinus
. In: Proc. of 13th Annual Conf. of FISON, New Bussa,
Nigeria, pp. 106-112.

Bagenal TB, Tesch FW
(1978): Age and Growth. In: Bagenal T. (Ed.). Methods for Assessment of Fish
Production in Fresh waters, 3rd Edn. Blackwell Scientific
Publications, Osney Mead, Oxford, pp. 101-136.

Bard J, Dekimpe P,
Lazard J, Lessent P, Lemasson J (1976): Handbook of Tropical Fish Culture
Centre Technique Forester. Tropical 45bis, Avenned Labelled Garille
94130-Nogent Surmarine France. Ed. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, pp. 67-92.

Boyd CE (1982): Water
Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture/ Elsevier Scientific Publ. Company.
New York, 318p.

Brown ME (1957):
Experimental Studies of Growth. In:Brown ME (Ed.). Physiology of Fishes.
Academic Press, New York, Vol. 1, pp. 361-400.

Dada AA, Wonah CO
(2003): Production of Exotic Clarias
gariepinus
at Varying Stocking Densities in Outdoor Concrete Ponds. J. of
Aquatic Sci., 18(1):21-24.

Dambo WB, Rana KJ
(1992): Effects of Stocking Densities on Growths and Survival of Oreochromis niloticus fry in the
Hatchery. FAO Fish. Rep., 44(4): 353-356.

Duncan DB (1995):
Multiple Range and Multiple F-Test. Biometrics, 11:1-42.

FDF. (1990):
Fisheries Statistics of Nigeria, 2nd Edn. Federal Department of Fisheries,
Abuja, Nigeria, 31p.

FDF. (1996): Federal
Department of Fisheries. In: Eyo AA, and Ayanda JO (Eds.). Proc. of 18th Annual
Conf. of FISON, pp. 200-203.

Hankins JA,
Summarfelt ST, Durrant MD (1995): Impacts of Feeding and Stock Management
Strategies upon Fish Production within Water Recycle Systems. In: Timmons MB
(Ed.), Aquaculture Engineering and Waste management. Northeast Regional
Agriculture Engineering Service. Ithaca, New York, pp. 70-89.

Hogendoorn H (1979):
Controlled Propagation of the African Catfish, Clarias lazera (C&V) 1. Reproductive Biology and Field
Experiments. Aquaculture, 17 (4): 323-333.

Kamthorn P, Miller J
(2006): Manvel on Catfish Hatchery and Production. A Guide for Small to Medium
Scale Hatchery and Farm Producers in Nigeria. Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries
Project (AIFP). National Programme for Food Security (NSPES), 29p.

Mazid MA, Zaher M,
Begum NN, Aliu MZ, Nahav F (1997): Formulation of Cost Effective Feeds from
locally Available ingredients for Carp Polyculture System for Increased
Production. Aquaculture, 151: 71-78.

Miller JW, Atanda AN
(2004): Inventory of Fish Farms in Nigeria. Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries
Project, National Special Programme for Food Security. 148p.

Okoye FC, Eyo AA,
Aminu NG (2001): Growth of Tilapia Oreochromis
niloticus
Hybrid Fingerlings Fed Lipid Based Diets. In: Eyo AA (Ed.). Proc.
of the 1st National Symp. on Fish Nutrition and Fish Feed Tech. of
FISON, NIOMR Lagos, 26th-29th Oct., 1999, pp. 25-27.

Omitoyin BO (2007):
Introduction to Fish Farming in Nigeria. Ibadan University Press, Publishing
House, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 35-40.

Ross RM, Waten BJ
(1995): Importance of Rearing-unit Design and Stocking Density on the
Behaviours, Growth and Metabolism of Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaysuch). Aquaculture Engineering, pp. 40-45.

Utne F (1979):
Standard Methods and Terminology on FinFish Nutrition. In: Halver JE and Trews
K (Eds.). Fish Nutrition and Finfish Technologies H Heinemasn Gobh and C. Borkin,
Vol. 11:437-444.

Wahua TAT (1999):
Applied Statistics for Scientific Studies. Afrika-Link Press, 356p.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *