Magembe Et Al

Magembe et al



Greener
Journal of  Agricultural Sciences


Vol. 4 (3), pp.
101-109,
April 2014.


 ISSN: 2276-7770 



Research

Paper

Manuscript Number: 020514093

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.3.020514093

 



Evaluation of Livestock- Crop Enterprise Diversity
Associated with Shift from Pastoral to Agro-Pastoral
Farming Systems in Transmara West District of Narok
County- Kenya

                                                                                   



Magembe E.M.1*, Bebe B.O.2, Lagat
J.K.3

 


1
Department
of Agriculture, Meru University of Science and
Technology


P.O BOX, 972-60200, Meru.


2
Department
of Animal Production, Egerton University, Box 536, Njoro,
Kenya.


3
Department
of Agricultural Economics and Business Management,
Egerton University,


Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.

 


*
Corresponding
Author’s


Email: esymachana @ yahoo. com,


Tel:


+254725719013

Abstract:

The
Kenyan Government in partnership with the private sector has
set up co-operative societies for marketing livestock and
livestock products in TransMara west district of Narok
County. These co-operatives are supposed to trigger
extensive expansion in livestock production. Despite
perceived steady incomes, high turnover and ready market for
livestock associated with existence of cooperatives in the
area, the pastoral Maasai community is shifting from
pastoralism to agro-pastoralism. This community is strongly
traditional with much cultural and economic attachment to
livestock. The shift in livelihoods could be following a
rational and economic decision with effects on the diversity
of livestock and crops but empirical evidence is lacking to
ascertain this assumption. Evaluating livestock and crop
enterprise diversities associated with the shift may explain
the rationale of observed behavior and inform development
strategies for such areas. Specific objective of the study
was to compare pastoral and agro-pastoral based livelihoods
for livestock and crop enterprise diversities of the farming
systems associated with the shift. Data were collected from
a sample of 130 households through interview schedule. The
diversity of crops and livestock was based on Shannon index.
The findings indicated that the diversity for crops was 0.3
units higher in agro-pastoral farming compared to pastoral
farming.
 
 Keywords: Maasai community, decision, livelihoods,
shift, livestock and crop diversities.

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