Makinde et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (4), pp. 144-149, May 2014. ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Paper Manuscript Number: 041814191 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.4.041814191 Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finisher Broilers FedRice Offal Based Diets Supplemented with Exogenous Enzyme Makinde O. J.*1, Enyigwe P.C.2, Babajide S.E.1, Atsumbe J.A.4, Ibe E.A.1 and Samuel I.3 1Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. 2Department of Animal Production, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Ebonyi State. 3Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano, Nigeria. 4Department of Agricultural Education, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, Kogi State. *Corresponding Author’s Email: johyinmak @ yahoo.com Abstract: The study was carried out into the production, processing, marketing, utilization and constraints of Okra in Ayaragu in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Data was collected through the use of a well structured questionnaire and Field observations from 60 Okra farmers using simple random sampling technique. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result reveals that majority of the respondents are within their active productive age, with a mean age of 30.5 years, the male sex dominated the production process while 76.7% are married acquiring at least secondary education (41.7%) which aided their ability to understand and adopt new innovation meant to increase productivity. Production was small – scale carried out majorly on farm size of 0.5ha. Processing was carried out using traditional technique of slicing, crushing and grating. Okra utilization was fresh and dried mostly to make draw soup. Marketing was carried out at the farm gate and local market. Among the noteable constraints to increase production and marketing are fluctuation of prices and bad roads. If these constraints are adequately cater for it will positively enhance productivity.Keyword: Assessment, Okra, Production, Processing, marketing, utilization, constraints. Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Reference: Acamovic, T, (2001). Commercial application of enzyme technology for poultry production. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 57: 225–243. Adejinmi, OO, Hamazar, RA and Fapohunda, JB, (2007). Performance and nutrient digestibility of Rabbits. Nigerian Journal for Animal Production. 34(1): 63-68. Adeniji, AA, (2010). Effects of dietary grit inclusion on the utilization of rice husk by pullet chicks. Tropical Subtropical Agroecosyst., 12: 175-180. Aduku, AO, (1993). Tropical Feedstuff- Analysis Table. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture. Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria. Pp 1-2. Allen, VM, Fernandez, F. and Hinton, M.H. (1997). Evaluation of the influence of supplementing diet with mannose or palm kernel meal on salmonella colonization in poultry. British Poultry Science. 38:485-488. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC, 2004). Official Method of Analysis, 17th Edn. Washington D.C., USA. Attia, YA, Qota EMA, Aggoor FAM and Kies AK, (2003a). Value of rice bran, its maximal utilization and upgrading by phytase and other enzymes and diet- formulation based on available amino acid for broiler chicks. Archiv Für Geflügelkunde 67 (4):157-166. Attia, YA, MA Al-Harthi and AA El-Deek, (2003b). Nutritive value of undehulled sunflower meal as affected by multienzymes supplementation to broiler diets. Archiv Für Geflügelkunde 67 (3):97-106. Attia,YA, Abd El-Rahman SA and Kies AK, (2001). Utilization of vegetable diets containing different levels of rice bran with or without commercial enzymes in Norfa laying hen diets. Mansoura Univ. J. Agric. Sci., 26:3557-3577. Attia, YA, (2003). Performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and plasma constituents of meat type drakes fed diets containing different levels of lysine with or without a microbial phytase”. Archiv of Animal Nutrition 66: 39-48. Duncan, DB, (1995). New Multiple Range and Multiple Test. Biometrics 11: 1-42. Duruma, CS, Udedibie, ABA and Anyanwu, GA, (1999). Combination of Maize/sorghum dried brewers’ grain, cocoyam cob and cassava tuber meal as substitute for maize in the diets of laying hens. Journal of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Environment, 2:1-7. El-Ghamry, AA, MA Al-Harthi and YA Attia,(2005). Possibility to improve rice polishing utilisation in broiler diets by enzymes or dietary formulation based on digestible amino acids. Archiv Für Geflügelkunde 69:49-56. Fanimo, AO, Adebayo, AJ, Oduguwa, OO and Biobaku, WO, (2007). Feeding value of cashew testa for broiler chickens. Nigerian Journal of Animal production, 34(1): 83–93. Farrel, DJ, (1994). Utilization of rice bran in diets of domestic fowl and ducklings. World’s Poultry Science Journal 50: 115 – 131. Madrigal, SA, Watkins, SE, Adams, MH and Waldroup, PW, (1995). Defatted rice bran to restrict growth rate in broiler chicken. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 4:170-181. Makinde, OJ, Sekoni, AA, Babajide, S, Samuel, I and Ibe, E, (2013). Comparative response of japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed palm kernel meal and brewer’s dried grain based diets. Inter J Agri. Biosci, 2(5): 217-220. www.ijagbio.com Njwe, RM, (1990). Strategies for matching feed resources to small ruminants needs: A review paper, Dept. of Animal Science Dschange – University Centre. B. P 222 Dschang Cameroon. NRC (1994). National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of poultry 9th Rev. Edn. National Academy press, Washington, D. C. Nsa, EE, Okereke, CO and Okon, B, (2007). Effects of supplementary green feed stuffs on growth performance internal organs development and abdominal fat deposition in finisher broiler chickens. Proceedings of the 32rd Annual conference of Nigerian society for Animal production (NSAP), 18th – 21st March, 2007. Nworgu, FC, Adebowale, EA, Oredein, OA and Oni, A, (1999). Prospects and economics of broiler chicken production using two plant protein sources. Tropical Journal of Animal Science, 2(1):159- 166. Obeka, EA, (1985). Nutritive Evaluation of Rice offal in the diets of growing pullet and Layers. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Ogundipe, SO and Sanni, SA, (2002). Economic of Poultry production in Nigeria. A training workshop manual. National Animal Production Research Institute, ABU, Zaria. Pp: 27-45. Oladunjoye, IO and Ojebiyi, OO, (2010). Performance Characteristics of Broiler Chicken (Gallus gallus) Fed Rice (Oriza sativa) Bran with or Without Roxazyme G2G. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2(4): 135-140, 2010. Oloyo, RA, (1991). Responses of broilers fed guinea corn /palm-kernel meal based ration to supplemental biotin. J. Sci. Food and Agri., 55: 539- 550. Smith, AJ, (2001). Poultry in context In: Poultry CTA Tropical Agriculturist Series. Macmilan, London. Chapter, Pp: 1-9. Steel, RGD and Torrie. JH, (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A biochemical approach 2nd edition MCG raw Hill New York. Tackie, AM and Flenscher, JE, (1995). Nutrient value of wild sorghum fortified with Leucana leucocepphala (Wh.ham). Bulletin of Animal for Africa, 47: 223 – 375. Uchegbu, MC, Okoli, CE, Anyanwu, EB, Etuk, BO, Esonu G and Udedibie, AIB, (2004). Performance, carcass and organ characteristics of finisher broilers fed graded levels of raw Napoleona imperalis seed meal. Livestock Res. Dev., 16(6).