Seid Et Al


Seid et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 5 (5),
167-176, September

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 072715105



Breeding Objective, Selection Criteria and
Breeding Practice of Indigenous Goats in Western Ethiopia: Implications for
Sustainable Genetic Improvement


Ahmed Seid 1*, Kefelegne Kebede 2,
Kefena Effa 3


1Jimma University, Department of Animal Science, P.O. Box 307, Jimma. 

2Haramaya University, Department of Animal Science, P.O. Box 138,
Drei Dawa. 

3Holeta Agricultural
Research Center, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding (Molecular and
Populations Genetics/Genomics), P.O. Box 31, Holeta, Ethiopia.



The study was conducted to
identify breeding objectives, existed breeding strategies and selection
criteria of goat owners in mixed crop-livestock production systems in Horro
Guduru Wollega Zone, western Ethiopia. Data were collected from 306 households
through semi structured and structured questionnaires, focal group discussions
and secondary sources. The data were analyzed using SAS version 9.2 (2008).
General linear model procedure (PROC GLM) of SAS was used for goat flock size
and structure. An index was calculated to provide overall ranking for
categorical variables. The overall average goat flock size in the study area
was 7.6±0.2. Income generation (0.48), meat for home consumption (0.34), saving
(0.10), ceremony (0.05) and manure (0.03) were the reasons of goat rearing in
the study area.
 Most (72.22%) of 
farmers practiced
mating system.
 About 32.35% of farmers in the study area had their own breeding
buck while 67.65% of farmers shared breeding bucks with their neighbors. Liter
size (0.26), growth rate (0.22) and age at first kidding (0.14) were the
farmer’s selection criteria for breeding doe in the order indicated while
growth rate (0.38), appearance (0.34) and coat colour type (0.16) were the
farmers selection criteria for breeding bucks. When designing sustainable breed
improvement strategies in this production system, mechanisms to include all
categories of traits should be considered.


Keywords: culling, flock
structure, mating system.

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