Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

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Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

Vol. 6(3), pp. 26-34, 2018

ISSN: 2354-2292

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJPBCS.2018.3.100218043

http://gjournals.org/GJPBCS


 

  

Analysis of Apple Fruit Value Chain in Southern Ethiopia; the Case of Chencha District

 

 Tamirat, Girma; Muluken, Philipos

 

 

 

Agricultural Economics Research Process, Wondo Genet Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 198, Shashemene, Ethiopia.

 

  

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 100218043

Type: Research

DOI:10.15580/GJPBCS.2018.3.100218043

 

 

Ethiopia imported 1,328 tons of apple fruit valued 1,776,000 US dollar in 2016 and the import grows by 27% yearly. The study assessed the performance of apple fruit value chain produced in Chencha district and identified constraints along the chain. Multi stage sampling technique was employed to select 226 apple fruit producers from the district. Snowball sampling method was employed to collect primary data from the chain actors. A total of 4 collectors, 5 cooperatives, 2 assemblers, 2 wholesalers and 15 retailers were interviewed to pinpoint the performance of the chain. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data and supplemented by qualitative data obtained from the key informants and focus group discussion. Accordingly, highest marketing cost per kuintal of apple fruit was incurred by cooperatives (468.35 birr). About 97%, 71% and 54% of marketing cost of cooperatives, small collectors and district assemblers accounted to market searching cost respectively. Producers were more profitable and obtained the highest producers gross marketing margin when they sold apple through cooperatives. Poor agronomic management, lack of inputs, lack of organic certification, lack of proper harvesting and post-harvest handling, theft and rodent were major production constraints identified. Whereas unripe fruit trade, illegal trade, seasonality of supply and poor market coordination were major marketing constraints in the chain. Wholesale traders play a key role through balancing and controlling the supply and demand of the fruit. Therefore, it is necessary to create highland fruit marketing union to alleviate demonstrated marketing constraints. The government should work to alleviate the production constraints so that producers can be benefited from apple fruit production.

 

Submitted: 02/10/2018

Accepted:  29/10/2018

Published: 03/12/2018

 

*Corresponding Author

Tamirat Girma

E-mail: tamirat.girma@ yahoo.com

Phone: +2510912781053

 

Keywords:

apple fruit, highland fruit, marketing margin, marketing constraints.

 

 

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REFERENCES

 

Central Statistical Agency (CSA) & World Bank (2013). Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic survey (ERSS).

 

Girmay G., Menza M., Mada M. and Abebe T. (2014). Empirical Study on Apple Production, Marketing and its Contribution to Household Income in Chencha District of Southern Ethiopia. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 4(3), pp. 166-175

 

Helgilibrary:http://www.helgilibrary.com/indicators/apple-consumption-per-capita/ethiopia/ [accessed on August 29/2017]

 

Kaplinsky, R. and M. Morris, (2001). A handbook of value chain analysis. Working paper prepared for the IDRC, Institute for Development Studies, Brighton, UK

 

Mendoza, G. (1995). A premier on marketing channel and margins. Lyme Rimer Publishers Inc., USA.

 

Seifu F., Sabura S., Agena A., Guchie G., Fantahun W. and Belete Y. (2014). Survey on Apple Production and Variety Identification in Chencha District of Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

 

United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service (2013). Fresh deciduous fruit (apples, grapes and pears): World Markets and Trade. A study report by USDA, USA.


 

Cite this Article: Tamirat, G; Muluken, P (2018). Analysis of Apple Fruit Value Chain in Southern Ethiopia; the Case of Chencha District. Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 6(3), 26-34, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJPBCS.2018.3.100218043.

 

 

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