Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

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Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

Vol. 8(1), pp. 1-5, 2020

ISSN: 2354-2292

Copyright ©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

http://gjournals.org/GJPBCS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of Different Sorghum Plant Arrangement and Population Density on Sesame-Sorghum Intercrop

 

 

*1Akombo, Richard A.; 1Ajon, Abraham T.; 2Adia, John E.; 2Ajah, A. Thomas and 3Adamgbe, Emmanuel M.

 

 

1Department of Crop Production Technology, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture Yandev, Benue state, Nigeria

2Department of Forestry Technology, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture Yandev, Benue state, Nigeria

3Department of General Studies, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture Yandev, Benue state, Nigeria

4 Department of Agricultural Technology, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture Yandev, Benue state, Nigeria

 

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 021119030

Type: Research

 

 

In particular, cereal and legumes intercropping is recognized as a common cropping system throughout tropical developing countries. This work is carried out in order to determine the actual within row spacing and the plant arrangement on which sorghum can be intercropped with sesame for higher yields. Varieties of sesame (Sesamum indicum) (CV, E8) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) (TG 5760KS ) were used for the experiment which was made up of 5 treatments which were replicated 3 times. The treatments were Sole Sesame, Sole sorghum, Sesame intercrop with sorghum at 50cm×2 stands, 50cm×1 stand and 100cm×1 stand.  Data were obtained for plant height at 3, 6 and 9 weeks after planting (WAP), leaf number at 3, 6, and 9 WAP, number of branches at 4, and 8 WAP, number of capsule per plant at harvest, weight of seed, plant height at 3, 6, 9 and 12 WAP, number of leaves at 3, 6, 9 and 12 WAP, number of tillers at 4 and 8 WAP. Generally, intercropping sesame with sorghum reduces the yield of sorghum drastically. The total land equivalent ratio (LER) indicated yield advantages in intercropping sesame with sorghum, especially when sesame was intercropped with sorghum at 1 stand/50cm. It is interesting to note that, sorghum had little effect on sesame LER which produce yield advantage.

 

Accepted:  14/02/2019

Published: 07/05/2020

 

*Corresponding Author

Akombo, Richard A.

E-mail: akomborich@ yahoo.com

Phone: 08038289185

 

Keywords:

Intercropping; sesame; sorghum; equivalent ratio

 

 

 

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REFERENCES

 

Baldy C,  Stigter CJ, 1997. Agrometeorology of multiple cropping in warm climates. INRA Paris

 

Beets, W.C. 1982. Multiple cropping and tropical farming system. Westview  press, Boulder.

 

Francis CA, Adipala E. 1994. Tropical intercropping system: what is the future? African Crop Science Journal, 2: 131 – 133

 

Mead R, Willey RW. 1980. The concept of land equivalent ratio and advantages in yields from intercropping. Experimental Agriculture 16: 217-228

 

Mohta NK, De R. 1980. Intercropping maize and sorghum with soybeans. Journal of Agricultural Science Cambridge. 9:117-122.

 

Ofori F, Stern WR. 1987. Cereal-legume intercropping system. Adu. Agron.41:41-90.

 

Olufajo OO. 1991. Explanatory note on response of soybean intercropping with maize in a sub-humid tropical environment. Institute for Agricultural Research,       Amadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.

 

Tsubo M, Mukhata E, Oginde HO, Walter S. 2003. Productivity of maize-soybean intercropping in semi-arid region of South Africa. Available on         http://www.wri.org.za

 


 

 

Cite this Article: Akombo, RA; Ajon, AT; Adia, JE; Ajah, AT; Adamgbe, EM (2020). Effect of Different Sorghum Plant Arrangement and Population Density on Sesame-Sorghum Intercrop. Greener Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 8(1): 1-5.

 

 

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