The Prevalence of Obesity in a Rural Setting in Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Background: Obesity is a state of excess storage of body fat. It is currently quantitated by means of the body mass index (BMI), calculated from BMI= height in meters/weight in kilograms squared. However the BMI scale generally correlates with the degree of obesity and with risk. The prevalence of Obesity has been on the increase in our environment. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of Obesity but little information is available from developing countries where new cases of Obesity are increasingly diagnosed. Method: We examined BMI amongst apparently healthy adult population. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 adults- 80 females and 27 males between the ages of 18 years and 80years for a period of 3 months using convenience sampling. They were first administered a structured questionnaire to obtain their socio-demographic data and lifestyle characteristics after which anthropometric assessment was performed. Results: This shows that 74.8% were females and 25.2% were males. About 46.7% of the respondents were self-employed followed by 17.8% unemployed and 6.5% were students. Overall , 85.2% males have normal BMI while 14.8% males have a high BMI.66.2% females have a normal BMI while 33.8% have a high BMI. Conclusion: The prevalence of Obesity is more in females than males in this study. 44.9% had abdominal obesity, 29.0% had central obesity, this calls for more education of the populace and positive attitude and appropriate intervention towards addressing the relevant risk factors of Obesity thereby preventing future cardiovascular complications including metabolic syndrome in the general population. Read more
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The Prevalence of Obesity in a Rural Setting in Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Background: Obesity is a state of excess storage of body fat. It is currently quantitated by means of the body mass index (BMI), calculated from BMI= height in meters/weight in kilograms squared. However the BMI scale generally correlates with the degree of obesity and with risk. The prevalence of Obesity has been on the increase in our environment. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of Obesity but little information is available from developing countries where new cases of Obesity are increasingly diagnosed. Method: We examined BMI amongst apparently healthy adult population. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 adults- 80 females and 27 males between the ages of 18 years and 80years for a period of 3 months using convenience sampling. They were first administered a structured questionnaire to obtain their socio-demographic data and lifestyle characteristics after which anthropometric assessment was performed. Results: This shows that 74.8% were females and 25.2% were males. About 46.7% of the respondents were self-employed followed by 17.8% unemployed and 6.5% were students. Overall , 85.2% males have normal BMI while 14.8% males have a high BMI.66.2% females have a normal BMI while 33.8% have a high BMI. Conclusion: The prevalence of Obesity is more in females than males in this study. 44.9% had abdominal obesity, 29.0% had central obesity, this calls for more education of the populace and positive attitude and appropriate intervention towards addressing the relevant risk factors of Obesity thereby preventing future cardiovascular complications including metabolic syndrome in the general population. Read more
Read More

The Prevalence of Obesity in a Rural Setting in Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Background: Obesity is a state of excess storage of body fat. It is currently quantitated by means of the body mass index (BMI), calculated from BMI= height in meters/weight in kilograms squared. However the BMI scale generally correlates with the degree of obesity and with risk. The prevalence of Obesity has been on the increase in our environment. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of Obesity but little information is available from developing countries where new cases of Obesity are increasingly diagnosed. Method: We examined BMI amongst apparently healthy adult population. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 adults- 80 females and 27 males between the ages of 18 years and 80years for a period of 3 months using convenience sampling. They were first administered a structured questionnaire to obtain their socio-demographic data and lifestyle characteristics after which anthropometric assessment was performed. Results: This shows that 74.8% were females and 25.2% were males. About 46.7% of the respondents were self-employed followed by 17.8% unemployed and 6.5% were students. Overall , 85.2% males have normal BMI while 14.8% males have a high BMI.66.2% females have a normal BMI while 33.8% have a high BMI. Conclusion: The prevalence of Obesity is more in females than males in this study. 44.9% had abdominal obesity, 29.0% had central obesity, this calls for more education of the populace and positive attitude and appropriate intervention towards addressing the relevant risk factors of Obesity thereby preventing future cardiovascular complications including metabolic syndrome in the general population. Read more
Read More

The Prevalence of Obesity in a Rural Setting in Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Background: Obesity is a state of excess storage of body fat. It is currently quantitated by means of the body mass index (BMI), calculated from BMI= height in meters/weight in kilograms squared. However the BMI scale generally correlates with the degree of obesity and with risk. The prevalence of Obesity has been on the increase in our environment. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of Obesity but little information is available from developing countries where new cases of Obesity are increasingly diagnosed. Method: We examined BMI amongst apparently healthy adult population. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 adults- 80 females and 27 males between the ages of 18 years and 80years for a period of 3 months using convenience sampling. They were first administered a structured questionnaire to obtain their socio-demographic data and lifestyle characteristics after which anthropometric assessment was performed. Results: This shows that 74.8% were females and 25.2% were males. About 46.7% of the respondents were self-employed followed by 17.8% unemployed and 6.5% were students. Overall , 85.2% males have normal BMI while 14.8% males have a high BMI.66.2% females have a normal BMI while 33.8% have a high BMI. Conclusion: The prevalence of Obesity is more in females than males in this study. 44.9% had abdominal obesity, 29.0% had central obesity, this calls for more education of the populace and positive attitude and appropriate intervention towards addressing the relevant risk factors of Obesity thereby preventing future cardiovascular complications including metabolic syndrome in the general population. Read more
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