Effects of Replacement of Sorghum Grains and Wheat Bran with Graded Levels of Watermelon Bug Meal and Zornia glochidiata Seeds on Broiler Performance

This study was conducted in Elobeid, Sudan aiming at evaluating of the effects of replacement of sorghum grains with graded levels of watermelon bug (Coridus viduatus, Aspongopus viduatus) meal, WMBM and groundnut seed cake, GNSC, with Zornia glochidiata seeds, ZGS on feed intake, growth performance, feeding cost and feed conversion ratio. One day old ninety six unsex Ross 306 chicks were divided into four groups each with four replicates of six chicks. They were housed in pens supplied with bulb lamps, watering and feeding troughs. The chick groups were fed four rations; the first one containing 60% sorghum grains and replaced by watermelon bug meal WMBM at 20, 40 and 60% in the second, third and forth rations respectively. In the same rations, groundnut meal was used at 18% in the first ration and replaced by 6, 12 and 18 % Zorina glochidiata, ZGS, seeds in the second, third and forth rations. The chicks were weighed first day and once weekly for five weeks and their feed intake was monitored daily during that period. The data was analyzed via analysis of variance with the differences among treatments means being detected via least significant difference test (LSD). The results indicated that no significant differences (P>0.05) were detected among the three treatment groups in feed intake and live body weight. The birds consumed 1965, 1957, 1943 and1625g/bird on rations containing 0 WMBM +0% ZGS (control), 20 WMBM +6% ZGS (II), 40 WMBM +12% ZGS (III) and 60 WMBM +18% ZGS (IV) respectively. Final weight was 1297.7, 1199.1,1203.2 and 877.0 g/ bird for group I, II, III and IV respectively. Feed conversion ratio was found being 1.513, 1.632, 1.614 and 1.851 for groups I, II, III and IV, respectively. Feeding cost significantly(P≤0,01) decreased upon replacement of sorghum grains and Zorina glochidiata seeds from 17.53SDG, 14.82, 11.93 and 9.40 SDG for rations I, II, III and IV, respectively. It was concluded that chick performance was similar when fed rations formulated by replacing sorghum grains with watermelon bug up to 40% and ground seed cake with Zorina glochidiata seeds to 12%. The study recommended using 40 % of watermelon bug meal and 12% of Zorina glochidiata seeds and trying similar feed sources to reduce feed cost while preserving performance. Read more
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Effects of Replacement of Sorghum Grains and Wheat Bran with Graded Levels of Watermelon Bug Meal and Zornia glochidiata Seeds on Broiler Performance

This study was conducted in Elobeid, Sudan aiming at evaluating of the effects of replacement of sorghum grains with graded levels of watermelon bug (Coridus viduatus, Aspongopus viduatus) meal, WMBM and groundnut seed cake, GNSC, with Zornia glochidiata seeds, ZGS on feed intake, growth performance, feeding cost and feed conversion ratio. One day old ninety six unsex Ross 306 chicks were divided into four groups each with four replicates of six chicks. They were housed in pens supplied with bulb lamps, watering and feeding troughs. The chick groups were fed four rations; the first one containing 60% sorghum grains and replaced by watermelon bug meal WMBM at 20, 40 and 60% in the second, third and forth rations respectively. In the same rations, groundnut meal was used at 18% in the first ration and replaced by 6, 12 and 18 % Zorina glochidiata, ZGS, seeds in the second, third and forth rations. The chicks were weighed first day and once weekly for five weeks and their feed intake was monitored daily during that period. The data was analyzed via analysis of variance with the differences among treatments means being detected via least significant difference test (LSD). The results indicated that no significant differences (P>0.05) were detected among the three treatment groups in feed intake and live body weight. The birds consumed 1965, 1957, 1943 and1625g/bird on rations containing 0 WMBM +0% ZGS (control), 20 WMBM +6% ZGS (II), 40 WMBM +12% ZGS (III) and 60 WMBM +18% ZGS (IV) respectively. Final weight was 1297.7, 1199.1,1203.2 and 877.0 g/ bird for group I, II, III and IV respectively. Feed conversion ratio was found being 1.513, 1.632, 1.614 and 1.851 for groups I, II, III and IV, respectively. Feeding cost significantly(P≤0,01) decreased upon replacement of sorghum grains and Zorina glochidiata seeds from 17.53SDG, 14.82, 11.93 and 9.40 SDG for rations I, II, III and IV, respectively. It was concluded that chick performance was similar when fed rations formulated by replacing sorghum grains with watermelon bug up to 40% and ground seed cake with Zorina glochidiata seeds to 12%. The study recommended using 40 % of watermelon bug meal and 12% of Zorina glochidiata seeds and trying similar feed sources to reduce feed cost while preserving performance. Read more
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Effects of Replacement of Sorghum Grains and Wheat Bran with Graded Levels of Watermelon Bug Meal and Zornia glochidiata Seeds on Broiler Performance

This study was conducted in Elobeid, Sudan aiming at evaluating of the effects of replacement of sorghum grains with graded levels of watermelon bug (Coridus viduatus, Aspongopus viduatus) meal, WMBM and groundnut seed cake, GNSC, with Zornia glochidiata seeds, ZGS on feed intake, growth performance, feeding cost and feed conversion ratio. One day old ninety six unsex Ross 306 chicks were divided into four groups each with four replicates of six chicks. They were housed in pens supplied with bulb lamps, watering and feeding troughs. The chick groups were fed four rations; the first one containing 60% sorghum grains and replaced by watermelon bug meal WMBM at 20, 40 and 60% in the second, third and forth rations respectively. In the same rations, groundnut meal was used at 18% in the first ration and replaced by 6, 12 and 18 % Zorina glochidiata, ZGS, seeds in the second, third and forth rations. The chicks were weighed first day and once weekly for five weeks and their feed intake was monitored daily during that period. The data was analyzed via analysis of variance with the differences among treatments means being detected via least significant difference test (LSD). The results indicated that no significant differences (P>0.05) were detected among the three treatment groups in feed intake and live body weight. The birds consumed 1965, 1957, 1943 and1625g/bird on rations containing 0 WMBM +0% ZGS (control), 20 WMBM +6% ZGS (II), 40 WMBM +12% ZGS (III) and 60 WMBM +18% ZGS (IV) respectively. Final weight was 1297.7, 1199.1,1203.2 and 877.0 g/ bird for group I, II, III and IV respectively. Feed conversion ratio was found being 1.513, 1.632, 1.614 and 1.851 for groups I, II, III and IV, respectively. Feeding cost significantly(P≤0,01) decreased upon replacement of sorghum grains and Zorina glochidiata seeds from 17.53SDG, 14.82, 11.93 and 9.40 SDG for rations I, II, III and IV, respectively. It was concluded that chick performance was similar when fed rations formulated by replacing sorghum grains with watermelon bug up to 40% and ground seed cake with Zorina glochidiata seeds to 12%. The study recommended using 40 % of watermelon bug meal and 12% of Zorina glochidiata seeds and trying similar feed sources to reduce feed cost while preserving performance. Read more
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Effects of Replacement of Sorghum Grains and Wheat Bran with Graded Levels of Watermelon Bug Meal and Zornia glochidiata Seeds on Broiler Performance

This study was conducted in Elobeid, Sudan aiming at evaluating of the effects of replacement of sorghum grains with graded levels of watermelon bug (Coridus viduatus, Aspongopus viduatus) meal, WMBM and groundnut seed cake, GNSC, with Zornia glochidiata seeds, ZGS on feed intake, growth performance, feeding cost and feed conversion ratio. One day old ninety six unsex Ross 306 chicks were divided into four groups each with four replicates of six chicks. They were housed in pens supplied with bulb lamps, watering and feeding troughs. The chick groups were fed four rations; the first one containing 60% sorghum grains and replaced by watermelon bug meal WMBM at 20, 40 and 60% in the second, third and forth rations respectively. In the same rations, groundnut meal was used at 18% in the first ration and replaced by 6, 12 and 18 % Zorina glochidiata, ZGS, seeds in the second, third and forth rations. The chicks were weighed first day and once weekly for five weeks and their feed intake was monitored daily during that period. The data was analyzed via analysis of variance with the differences among treatments means being detected via least significant difference test (LSD). The results indicated that no significant differences (P>0.05) were detected among the three treatment groups in feed intake and live body weight. The birds consumed 1965, 1957, 1943 and1625g/bird on rations containing 0 WMBM +0% ZGS (control), 20 WMBM +6% ZGS (II), 40 WMBM +12% ZGS (III) and 60 WMBM +18% ZGS (IV) respectively. Final weight was 1297.7, 1199.1,1203.2 and 877.0 g/ bird for group I, II, III and IV respectively. Feed conversion ratio was found being 1.513, 1.632, 1.614 and 1.851 for groups I, II, III and IV, respectively. Feeding cost significantly(P≤0,01) decreased upon replacement of sorghum grains and Zorina glochidiata seeds from 17.53SDG, 14.82, 11.93 and 9.40 SDG for rations I, II, III and IV, respectively. It was concluded that chick performance was similar when fed rations formulated by replacing sorghum grains with watermelon bug up to 40% and ground seed cake with Zorina glochidiata seeds to 12%. The study recommended using 40 % of watermelon bug meal and 12% of Zorina glochidiata seeds and trying similar feed sources to reduce feed cost while preserving performance. Read more
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