Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus in an Apparently Healthy Population in the Niger Delta Region of Southern Nigeria

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic progressive metabolic disorder due to a lack of or resistance of body tissues to the action of insulin leading to persistent hyperglycemia and subsequent target organ damages. The prevalence of Diabetes is on the rise in this part of the world mainly as a result of adoption of Western lifestyle and diet. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 107 voluntary participants in 2 suburban communities in Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The participants were first administered a structured questionnaire after which their biometric measurements and blood pressure was taken. Thereafter, blood specimen was taken for blood sugar sugar and lipid profile. Data was analysed with the SPSS version 23.0. A p-value of 0.05 was taken to be statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in this study was found to be 16.8%. Diabetes was more common in females, those aged 40 years and above, married and low income earners. Although no risk factor had any statistically significant association with Diabetes Mellitus in this study, there was a higher preponderance of Diabetes in smokers, non-drinkers, high salt consumers, the physically inactive, hypertensives, those with a family history of Diabetes and those with dyslipidemia. Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the population studied. The higher preponderance of Diabetes in participants with known risk factors for the disease, calls for appropriate intervention targeting such risk factors in order to curb its rising prevalence. Read more
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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus in an Apparently Healthy Population in the Niger Delta Region of Southern Nigeria

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic progressive metabolic disorder due to a lack of or resistance of body tissues to the action of insulin leading to persistent hyperglycemia and subsequent target organ damages. The prevalence of Diabetes is on the rise in this part of the world mainly as a result of adoption of Western lifestyle and diet. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 107 voluntary participants in 2 suburban communities in Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The participants were first administered a structured questionnaire after which their biometric measurements and blood pressure was taken. Thereafter, blood specimen was taken for blood sugar sugar and lipid profile. Data was analysed with the SPSS version 23.0. A p-value of 0.05 was taken to be statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in this study was found to be 16.8%. Diabetes was more common in females, those aged 40 years and above, married and low income earners. Although no risk factor had any statistically significant association with Diabetes Mellitus in this study, there was a higher preponderance of Diabetes in smokers, non-drinkers, high salt consumers, the physically inactive, hypertensives, those with a family history of Diabetes and those with dyslipidemia. Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the population studied. The higher preponderance of Diabetes in participants with known risk factors for the disease, calls for appropriate intervention targeting such risk factors in order to curb its rising prevalence. Read more
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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus in an Apparently Healthy Population in the Niger Delta Region of Southern Nigeria

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic progressive metabolic disorder due to a lack of or resistance of body tissues to the action of insulin leading to persistent hyperglycemia and subsequent target organ damages. The prevalence of Diabetes is on the rise in this part of the world mainly as a result of adoption of Western lifestyle and diet. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 107 voluntary participants in 2 suburban communities in Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The participants were first administered a structured questionnaire after which their biometric measurements and blood pressure was taken. Thereafter, blood specimen was taken for blood sugar sugar and lipid profile. Data was analysed with the SPSS version 23.0. A p-value of 0.05 was taken to be statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in this study was found to be 16.8%. Diabetes was more common in females, those aged 40 years and above, married and low income earners. Although no risk factor had any statistically significant association with Diabetes Mellitus in this study, there was a higher preponderance of Diabetes in smokers, non-drinkers, high salt consumers, the physically inactive, hypertensives, those with a family history of Diabetes and those with dyslipidemia. Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the population studied. The higher preponderance of Diabetes in participants with known risk factors for the disease, calls for appropriate intervention targeting such risk factors in order to curb its rising prevalence. Read more
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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus in an Apparently Healthy Population in the Niger Delta Region of Southern Nigeria

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic progressive metabolic disorder due to a lack of or resistance of body tissues to the action of insulin leading to persistent hyperglycemia and subsequent target organ damages. The prevalence of Diabetes is on the rise in this part of the world mainly as a result of adoption of Western lifestyle and diet. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 107 voluntary participants in 2 suburban communities in Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The participants were first administered a structured questionnaire after which their biometric measurements and blood pressure was taken. Thereafter, blood specimen was taken for blood sugar sugar and lipid profile. Data was analysed with the SPSS version 23.0. A p-value of 0.05 was taken to be statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in this study was found to be 16.8%. Diabetes was more common in females, those aged 40 years and above, married and low income earners. Although no risk factor had any statistically significant association with Diabetes Mellitus in this study, there was a higher preponderance of Diabetes in smokers, non-drinkers, high salt consumers, the physically inactive, hypertensives, those with a family history of Diabetes and those with dyslipidemia. Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the population studied. The higher preponderance of Diabetes in participants with known risk factors for the disease, calls for appropriate intervention targeting such risk factors in order to curb its rising prevalence. Read more
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